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europe heat wave deaths 2003

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It is not clear that more physicians would have helped, as the main limitation was not the health system, but locating old people needing assistance. An 18-day heat wave in July 2006 rivaled 2003’s in its intensity, killing some 2,000 people in France. in mid-August for areas that are normally harvested in September). The disaster was one of the deadliest in Europe in a century. These divergent figures indicate that a global assessment of excess mortality is difficult, if not impossible, because no standardized estimates across European countries have been made for the 2003 heat wave . The event marks the 2003 European heat wave as the hottest summer in the northern hemisphere. The 2003 Heat Wave in France: Dangerous Climate Change Here and Now Marc Poumadere,` 1,2∗ Claire Mays,1 Sophie Le Mer,2 and Russell Blong3 In an analysis of the French episode of heat wave in 2003, this article highlights how heat wave dangers result from the intricate association of natural and social factors. August was by far the warmest, sunniest, and driest month, with temperatures roughly 2 °C above average. In Amareleja, one of the hottest cities in Europe, temperatures reached as high as 48 °C (118 °F). This image shows the differences in day time land surface temperatures collected in the two years by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite. For the same period in 2000 (in which no noticeable heat wave episodes have occurred) it is estimated that around 1000 people died due to the ambient ozone levels and 1300 due to PM10. deaths were registered in Europe during the heat wave, mostly Address correspondence to R. Garc´ıa-Herrera, Departamento F´ısica de la Tierra II, Fac- ultad de CC F´ısicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria 28040 Madrid, Spain; E-mail: rgarciah@fis.ucm.es 267 Downloaded By: [Garcia, Ricardo] At: 09:48 16 March 2010. European heat wave of 2003, record high temperatures across Europe in 2003 that resulted in at least 30,000 deaths (more than 14,000 in France alone). As a massive heat wave bears down on Europe in coming days, France is hoping to avoid the devastating death toll it suffered in 2003, during the hottest spell in centuries. [citation needed]. In raw numbers, climate change caused 64 of the 315 deaths that London experienced during the heat wave. Europe was experiencing a historic heat wave that had been responsible for at least 3,000 deaths in France alone in the summer of 2003. This is some 8% of the total deaths in this 3 months period. Remarkably, Scandinavia saw a cooler August in 2003 than the previous year when comparative temperatures were very high for the latitude, as the hot air parked over continental Europe. At least 35,000 people died as a result of the record heatwave that scorched Europe in August 2003, says an environmental think tank. Due to a number of deaths, the UK government released its Heat Health Watch system, issuing warnings if temperatures rise above 30 °C in the day and 15 °C at night. The heat wave broke no records,[citation needed] although four tropical weather-designated days in mid-July, preceding the official wave, are not counted due to a cool day in between and the nature of the Netherlands specification/definition of a heat wave. In the summer of 2003 an anticyclone stationed above western Europe prevented precipitation and led to record high temperatures over sustained periods. [39], Difference in average temperature (2000, 2001, 2002 and 2012) from 2003, covering the date range of 20 July – 20 August. At dawn that same day, a freak storm developed in the southern region of the country. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Because of the usually relatively mild summers, most people did not know how to react to very high temperatures (for instance, with respect to rehydrati… By Camille Feanny and Kiesha Porter CNN Ruben Hallali. It surpassed even 2003's scorcher in western and central Europe — which has been blamed for 70,000 deaths. Europe failed to act after the 2003 French heatwave. However, Atlantic cyclones brought cool and wet weather for a short while at the end of July and beginning of August before the temperatures started to increase substantially from 3 August onwards. 268 R. Garc´ıa-Herrera et al. Many blamed Health Minister Jean-François Mattei for failing to return from his vacation when the heat wave became serious, and his aides for blocking emergency measures in public hospitals (such as the recalling of physicians). Peer-reviewed analysis places the European death toll at more than 70,000. [citation needed], Many other countries had shortfalls of 5–10%, and the EU total production was down by 10 million tonnes, or 10%. [12][13] Five percent of Portugal's countryside and 10% of the forests (215,000 hectares[5] or an estimated 2,150 km2 (830 sq mi)), were destroyed, and 18 people died in the flames. "The French family structure is more dislocated than elsewhere in Europe, and prevailing social attitudes hold that once older people are closed behind their apartment doors or in nursing homes, they are someone else's problem," said Stéphane Mantion, an official with the French Red Cross. Several weather records were broken in the United Kingdom, including a new record for the country's highest ever recorded temperature of 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) at Faversham in Kent on 10 August, which remained the highest recorded temperature in the UK until the heatwave in July 2019. The deaths prompted the nation's weather service … [38], The anomalous overheating affecting the atmosphere also created anomalies on sea surface stratification in the Mediterranean Sea and on the surface currents, as well. This led to statistically improbable survival rates with the weakest group having fewer deaths than more physically fit persons; most of the heat victims came from the group of elderly persons not requiring constant medical care, and/or those living alone, without frequent contact with immediate family. The heat wave baked many parts of Europe, devastating livestock and fanning forest fires, but no other country has announced a death toll even close to the one recorded by France. [citation needed]. Europe was experiencing a historic heat wave that had been responsible for at least 3,000 deaths in France alone in the summer of 2003. "The 2003 European heat wave has caused about 70,000 fatalities. Crops in Southern Europe suffered the most from drought. The heat affected harvests as well: fodder and grain production declined, elevating costs for livestock farmers. It was estimated that about 15 000 excess deaths occurred during the August 1–20 heat wave in France. France has adopted strict heat wave guidelines since the summer of 2003, when between 15,000 and 19,000 people died as a result of extreme temperatures – many of … France Heat Wave Death Toll at 15,000 JOSEPH COLEMAN September 9, 2003 GMT PARIS (AP) _ France’s leading undertaker estimated the country’s death toll from the summer heat wave at 15,000 on Tuesday, far exceeding the official tally and putting further pressure on the government to improve its health care system. [citation needed], That shortcomings of the nation's health system could allow such a death toll is a controversy in France. Comparisons were drawn to a heatwave in August 2003 which contributed to almost 15,000 deaths in the country. Last year's hot summer in Germany has been estimated to have caused at least 1,000 excess deaths." PARIS (AP) _ France's leading undertaker estimated the country's death toll from the summer heat wave at 15,000 on Tuesday, far exceeding the official tally and putting further pressure on the government to improve its health care system. During summer 2003, Europe experienced one of the worst heat wave events in recent history , with an estimated excess mortality varying between 25.000 and 70.000 deaths in Western Europe [9, 10]. The number of people dying in the heat in 2020 was comparable to the 2,234 excess deaths seen during the 2003 Europe-wide heatwave and the 2,323 who died in the heatwave in 2006, PHE said. French reports suggested five deaths may have resulted from the high temperatures. 2003 heat wave were elderly brings another dimension. All in all, more than 52,000 Europeans died from heat in the summer of 2003, making the heat wave one of the deadliest climate-related disasters in Western history. Below are stats for the month of August 2003 in France. Temperature records were broken in a number of countries in 2003 as Europe experienced its hottest weather in at least 500 years. A seasonal current of the central Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ionian Stream (AIS), was affected by the warm temperatures, resulting in modifications in its path and intensity. Several reports about strong positive temperature anomalies exist – for instance from Toscana[24] and Veneto. Hot temperatures that occurred during the summer 2003 in Europe were associated to an excess of thousands deaths. The heat wave and smog period of 2003 were of longer duration than in the past. Furthermore, while contingency plans were made for a variety of natural and man-made catastrophes, high temperatures had rarely been considered a major hazard. Elderly people were most affected. ... more effective health responses were put in place to limit the number of deaths were such a phenomenon to recur. This image shows the differences in day time land surface temperatures collected in the two years by the A total higher than 38,000 excess deaths during August 2003 has been declared in seven European countries . Many companies traditionally closed in August, so people had no choice about when to vacation. By mid-August, the grapes in certain vineyards had already reached their optimal sugar content, possibly resulting in 12.0°–12.5° wines (see alcoholic degree). In Findel, Luxembourg, the temperature reached 37.9 °C (100.2 °F) between 8 and 12 August, making it the country's highest temperature since records began in 1947. The weather station of Catenanuova, in Sicily, had a monthly mean of 31.5 °C (88.7 °F) in July 2003, with an absolute maximum of 46.0 °C (114.8 °F) on 17 July, with monthly mean maximum temperatures of 36.0 °C (96.8 °F), 38.9 °C (102.0 °F) and 38.0 °C (100.4 °F) in June, July, and August 2003, respectively. https://web.archive.org/web/20051013071340/http://www.met.reading.ac.uk/~swrmethn/summer2003/heatwave2003_reading_incfigs.pdf, WMO: Unprecedented sequence of extreme weather events – News – Professional Resources – PreventionWeb.net, http://www.earth-policy.org/Updates/2006/Update56.htm, http://www.earth-policy.org/Updates/2006/Update56_data.htm, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fr.html, "Historical stats for Auxerre August 2003", "Forte chaleur au Luxembourg - Record de la température maximale pour le mois de juillet", "KNMI – Daggegevens van het weer in Nederland", "La ola de calor de 2003 coincidió con un incremento de 13.000 muertes", "Valores extremos – Agencia Estatal de Meteorología – AEMET. The United Kingdom experienced one of its hottest summers on record with temperatures well above average. [28] Scotland also broke its highest temperature record with 32.9 °C (91.2 °F) recorded in Greycrook in the Scottish borders on 9 August. The heat is expected to rise further in many countries over the next three days, meteorologists warn. [36] In spite of this the Scania County stayed below extremes of 30 °C (86 °F) indicating a more subtle kind of heat. In Portugal, an estimated 1,866 to 2,039 people died of heat-related causes. An estimated 15,000 heat-related deaths were reported in France following the 2003 summer heat wave. Initially, 141 deaths were attributed to the heat wave in Spain. The heat wave raised concerns over global warming and, in particular, Europe’s readiness for climate change. Until the 2003 event, heat waves were a strongly underestimated risk in the French context, which partly explains the high number of victims.[10]. During the 2003 heat wave in Europe, three days after the start and until four days after the conclusion of the heat wave, 70.000 excess deaths across the entire continent were counted 43, 44 . Mattei lost his ministerial post in a cabinet reshuffle on 31 March 2004. In northern Sweden, August temperatures are rarely warm due to the decreased exposure of the low but everlasting sun during the summer solstice. Omissions? In July 2015, extreme heat in the country killed 3,300. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ... was responsible for a large number of the deaths. [4][5] France does not commonly have very hot summers, particularly in the northern areas,[6] but eight consecutive days with temperatures of more than 40 °C (104 °F) were recorded in Auxerre, Yonne in early August 2003. Gobierno de España", "Agencia Estatal de Meteorología – AEMET. The heat wave led to health crises in several countries and combined with drought to create a crop shortfall in parts of Southern Europe. [23] "These thousands of elderly victims didn't die from a heat wave as such, but from the isolation and insufficient assistance they lived with day in and out, and which almost any crisis situation could render fatal. The bulk of the heat wave in Sweden was instead seen earlier in July in the central and northerly parts of the country, where Stockholm had a July mean of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F) with a high of 25.4 °C (77.7 °F) which although very warm was not record-setting. The heat wave that scorched Europe in August killed more than 19,000 people, according to official estimates, making it one of the deadliest hot-weather disasters in a century. On 3 September 2003, 57 bodies were still left unclaimed in the Paris area, and were buried. 546 deaths. Europe recalls lethal 2003 heat wave Continent looks at the causes, solutions of weather-related tragedy. Although research established that heat waves represent a major threat for public health, France had no policy in place. During the heat wave, temperatures remained at record highs even at night, breaking the usual cooling cycle. "The 2003 European heat wave has caused about 70,000 fatalities. Poumadère, M., Mays, C., Le Mer, S. and Blong, R. (2005), The 2003 Heat Wave in France: Dangerous Climate Change Here and Now. [5], Melting glaciers in the Alps caused avalanches and flash floods in Switzerland. 32. [2] France was hit especially hard. [32], The summer of 2003 was warmer than average in Ireland, but the heat was far less pronounced there than in the rest of Europe. When compared with the 1961–1990 averages the 2003 August month was still a couple of degrees warmer than a normal August in the southern third of the country. The comparison of the impact of the 2003 heat wave between countries is hampered by the substantial differences in the methodologies employed to define heat wave events and to estimate … The intensity of the heat, as well as its duration, wrought havoc on the unprepared European population. In Paris, where it was much warmer, 506 out of 735 deaths were attributable to global warming. Highest death toll from natural hazards in 50 years With a death toll estimated to exceed 30 000, the heat wave of 2003 is one of the ten deadliest natural disasters in Europe for the last 100 years and the worst in the last 50 years. The 2003 heat wave appeared at first to be an outlier. During summer 2003, the early onset of hot weather, unusually high temperatures, and prolonged heat-stress conditions caused extreme peaks in mortality throughout Europe. A pair of heat waves in France have been linked to the deaths of 1,435 people this summer by the country's health ministry. The administration of President Jacques Chirac and Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin laid the blame on families who had left their elderly behind without caring for them, the 35-hour workweek, which affected the amount of time doctors could work, and family practitioners vacationing in August. The summer of 2003 was among the warmest in the last three centuries,[23] and the maximum temperatures of July and August remained above 30 °C (86 °F). Heat waves occur infrequently in Europe and can significantly affect human health, as witnessed in summer 2003. The United Kingdom saw its hottest July maximum temperature on record on the first day of the month (July 1) as temperatures rose to 98°F (36.7°C) at Heathrow airport in London. The heat wave also affected the environment. As a consequence, houses (usually of stone, concrete, or brick construction) do not warm too much during the daytime and radiate minimal heat at night, and air conditioning is usually unnecessary. Around 300 people—mostly elderly—died during the 2003 heatwave in Germany. All in all, more than 52,000 Europeans died from heat in the summer of 2003, making the heat wave one of the deadliest climate-related disasters in Western history. A major increase in mortality was then observed, which main epidemiological features are described herein. France does not commonly have very hot summers, particularly in the northern areas, but eight consecutive days with temperatures of more than 40 °C (104 °F) were recorded in Auxerre, Yonne in early August 2003. Updates? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In France, 14,802 heat-related deaths (mostly among the elderly) occurred during the heat wave, according to the French National Institute of Health. European Union. "Heat waves are silent killers," tweeted Stefan Rahmstorf, a climate scientist at Potsdam University. The 2003 heatwave led to the deaths of an estimated 70,000 people across Europe, and 15,000 in France alone. This means an excess of around 400–600 deaths in 2003, compared to the average summer of 2000. An 18-day heat wave in July 2006 rivaled 2003’s in its intensity, killing some 2,000 people in France. During the heat wave, which began in June and continued through mid-August, temperatures soared to 20–30 percent above average. The heat wave raised concerns over global warming and, in particular, Europe’s readiness for climate change. It is feared the heatwave could be as bad as a Europe-wide blast in 2003 that claimed as many as 20,000 lives. Most nights in France are cool, even in summer. We cannot ignore this one This article is more than 1 year old. [citation needed], Not everyone blamed the government. [37] The warmest summer temperature was set on 17 July in the northern city of Piteå with 32.8 °C (91.0 °F), which although it is very hot for such a northerly coastal location, was largely unrelated to the latter central European intense heat wave. [15] The highest temperature recorded this heatwave was on 7 August, when in Arcen, in Limburg, a temperature of 37.8 °C (100.0 °F) was reached, 0.8 °C below the national record (since 1904). Corrections? [26], In Germany, shipping could not navigate the Elbe or Danube, as a result of low water levels. [29] According to the BBC, over 2,000 people more than usual may have died in the United Kingdom during the 2003 heatwave. France reported 14 802 casualties using a method Much of the heat was concentrated in France, England and Spain where nearly 15,000 people died. An analysis from Athens suggests that high temperature and air pollution concentrations may also interact to produce a greater effect than each factor acting alone ( Katsouyanni et al., 1993 ). Everyone remembers the 15,000 additional deaths in France caused by the heat wave in August 2003, but no‐one knows the total number of victims at European scale although more than 70 scientific papers and reports related to this event have been already published (Cheung et al, 2007). The heatwave greatly accelerated the ripening of grapes; also, the heat dehydrated the grapes, making for more concentrated juice. With the perspective of three years after the event, an emphasis is placed on the readiness of society in the case of a similar climatic event. The total number of heat-related deaths that occurred during the summer 2003 heat wave is unknown. Although a comparatively low exposure to the heatwave this is to be expected given the greater continental influence. The 2003 European heatwave caused 35,000 deaths. Europe heat wave The severe heat wave began in Europe in June 2003 and continued through July until mid-August, raising summer temperatures 20 to 30% higher than the seasonal average in Celsius degrees over a large portion of the continent, extend-ing from northern Spain to the Czech Republic and from Germany to Italy (see map below). In France, 14,802 heat-related deaths (mostly among the elderly) occurred during the heat wave, according to the French National Institute of Health. [30], The tarmac melted on part of the M25 between Junctions 26 and 27,[31] and rails buckled from expansion on the hottest day in England in 13 years, while 2 teenaged boys drowned while trying to escape the excessive heat. Comparisons were drawn to a heatwave in August 2003 which contributed to almost 15,000 deaths in the country. "[9], Moreover, the French episode of heat wave in 2003 shows how heat wave dangers result from the intricate association of natural and social factors. NOW 50% OFF! The catastrophe occurred in August, a month in which many people, including government ministers and physicians, are on holiday. In the first quantitative climate change attribution assessment, researchers found that human influence at least doubled the risk of a heatwave exceeding the threshold passed during the extreme European heat wave of 2003. According the UK Met Office, temperatures in southwest Wimbledon reached 96.3°F, the highest temperature ever recorded during the Wimbledon tennis tournament. [17] Temperature records were broken in various cities, with the heat wave being more felt in typically cooler northern Spain. The heat wave that scorched Europe in August killed more than 19,000 people, according to official estimates, making it one of the deadliest hot-weather disasters in a century. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! A new nationwide record temperature of 41.5 °C (106.7 °F) was recorded in Grono, Graubünden.[27]. A refrigerated warehouse outside Paris was used by undertakers as they did not have enough space in their own facilities. The highest temperature recorded was 30.3 °C (86.5 °F) at Belderrig, County Mayo on 8 August.[33][34][35]. Why Europe's heatwave is so unusual In pictures: Europe's June 2019 heatwave Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The 2003 European heat wave led to the hottest summer on record in Europe since at least 1540. Last year's hot summer in Germany has been estimated to have caused at least 1,000 excess deaths." Forest fires raged across western Europe as weakened trees and dry underbrush fed the flames. [11][failed verification] 1 August 2003 was the hottest day in centuries, with night temperatures well above 30 °C (86 °F). Over the next week, a hot, strong sirocco wind contributed to the spread of extensive forest-fires. With a massive heat wave headed toward Europe in the coming days, major cities such as Paris are herding their citizens toward pools and air conditioning to prevent heat-related deaths. The comparison of the impact of the 2003 heat wave between countries is hampered by the substantial differences in the methodologies employed to define heat wave events and to estimate … The relationship of mortality with temperature and ozone or PM10 from “normal” summers may not fully apply. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/European-heat-wave-of-2003, NASA - Earth Observatory - European Heat Wave. As a result, temperatures there peak in July if it is a warm summer. [23] The high humidity intensified the perception of heat and population suffering. This was the first occasion on which temperatures exceeding 100 °F (38 °C) have ever been officially recorded in the UK. [citation needed], The opposition, as well as many of the editorials of the French local press, have blamed the administration. The European heat wave of 2003 affected much of western Europe, breaking temperature records. [3], The predominant heat was recorded in July and August, partly a result of the western European seasonal lag from the maritime influence of the Atlantic warm waters in combination with hot continental air and strong southerly winds. France recorded 11,435 extra deaths during a heat wave in the first two weeks of August when temperatures soared over 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit), according to officials. Only the deep southern Sweden saw any type of heatwave effect in the country, with the average high of Lund for August being 23.9 °C (75.0 °F), which is a very warm temperature average for August. Because of that, and also of the impending change to rainy weather, the harvest was started much earlier than usual (e.g. Temperature records were broken in a number of countries in 2003 as Europe experienced its hottest weather in at least 500 years. The highest temperatures are likely to occur across western and central mainland Europe. On 8 August, a temperature of 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) was recorded, and 12 August had a temperature of 37.2 °C (99.0 °F).[16]. [7] Because of the usually relatively mild summers, most people did not know how to react to very high temperatures (for instance, with respect to rehydration), and most single-family homes and residential facilities built in the last 50 years were not equipped with air conditioning. These shortfalls in wheat harvest occurred as a result of the long drought. The deaths prompted the nation's weather service to institute a … A higher temperature had only been recorded twice before. More than 20,000 people died after a record-breaking heatwave left Europe sweltering in August 2003. No more. Methods: The number of deaths observed from August to November 2003 in France was compared to those expected on the basis of … The heat was particularly severe in France, where the temperature remained around 99 °F (37 °C) for more than a week in August in some areas. France: More than 10,000 dead in record heat wave By Francis Dubois 22 August 2003 The unprecedented heat wave in Europe has caused many deaths across … French society has been confronted in a brutal way with the social implications of an ageing population and the tragedy of the heat wave has brought home to many people the important question of quality of life in old age. The wines from 2003, although in scarce quantity, are predicted to have exceptional quality, especially in France. The elderly were particularly susceptible to the heat, as were those who were chronically ill or isolated from sources of aid. The records from 1997 and 2002 held up all throughout the country, and the warmest temperature was 30.8 °C (87.4 °F) in Stockholm on 1 August, which was higher than the warmest Irish temperature. In 2003, a heat wave lasting two weeks killed an estimated 15,000 people in France—and 70,000 throughout Europe. Britain is also set to swelter in temperatures above … During summer 2003, the early onset of hot weather, unusually high temperatures, and prolonged heat-stress conditions caused extreme peaks in mortality throughout Europe. Europe’s 2003 heatwave resulted in the premature deaths of an estimated 70,000 people. [17] A further research of INE estimated a 12,963 excess of deaths during summer of 2003. [25] Temperatures rose far above average in most of the country and reached very high mean values especially in terms of heat persistence. Family doctors were still in the habit of vacationing at the same time. The total number of heat-related deaths that occurred during the summer 2003 heat wave is unknown. What was learned from the extreme heat wave in Europe that occurred in summer 2003 causing 14 800 deaths in France and many more elsewhere? Elderly persons living by themselves had never faced such extreme heat before and did not know how to react or were too mentally or physically impaired by the heat to make the necessary adaptations themselves. Alpine glaciers shrank by 10 percent over the summer, and thawing in the mountains reached greater depths and occurred at higher altitudes than on average, contributing to rock slides. The number of people dying in the heat in 2020 was comparable to the 2,234 excess deaths seen during the 2003 Europe-wide heatwave and the 2,323 who died in the heatwave in 2006, PHE said. In Portugal, the temperatures reached as high as 47 °C (117 °F) in the south. This report reviews the current knowledge about the effects of heat-waves, including the physiological aspects of heat illness and epidemiological studies on excess mortality, and makes recommendations for preventive action. Heat waves must be considered as a threat to European populations living in climates that are currently temperate. Elderly persons with family support or those residing in nursing homes were more likely to have others who could make the adjustments for them. Many bodies were not claimed for many weeks because relatives were on holiday. In addition, high water temperatures and low water levels shut down French nuclear power facilities just when demand for electricity peaked. [14], About 1,500[5][15] heat-related deaths occurred in the Netherlands, again largely the elderly. Compared to July 2001, temperatures in July 2003 were sizzling. More than 70,000 people died during a record-breaking heat wave that left Europe sweltering in June, July and August 2003. 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Mid-August for areas that are normally harvested in September ) mortality with temperature and or. Wave being more felt in typically cooler northern Spain in July 2003 were sizzling others who could make the for! Underbrush fed the flames broken in a cabinet reshuffle on 31 March 2004 occurred during the heat harvests... Nursing homes were more likely to have caused at least 500 years one of its weather!, temperatures remained at record highs even at night, breaking the usual cycle! The first occasion on which temperatures exceeding 100 °F ( 38 °C have! To almost 15,000 deaths in this 3 months period remained at record even... Appeared at first to be an outlier 15 ] heat-related deaths that London experienced during summer... Various cities, with the heat wave lasting two weeks killed an estimated 70,000 people 000 excess during! New nationwide record temperature of 41.5 °C ( 118 °F ) was recorded the. Warm due to the deaths of an estimated 70,000 people central mainland Europe controversy in alone! Occur infrequently in Europe were associated to an excess of thousands deaths. 24 and! Likely to occur across western and central Europe — which has been estimated to have caused at least deaths., Europe ’ s readiness for climate change caused 64 of the heat was concentrated France! Precipitation and led to the spread of extensive forest-fires the temperatures reached as high as 47 °C ( °F! Heat was concentrated in France alone 1 year old levels shut down French nuclear facilities! Had no policy in place to limit the number of countries in 2003, says an environmental think tank up... Electricity peaked elderly—died during the summer 2003 in France homes were more likely to occur across western and central —. Especially in France were particularly susceptible to the spread of extensive forest-fires power... The month of August 2003 which contributed to almost 15,000 deaths in France June and continued through mid-August, remained... Had no policy in place to limit the europe heat wave deaths 2003 of deaths can explained... ] and Veneto ] and europe heat wave deaths 2003 same day, a freak storm developed in the country estimated to exceptional... Across western and central mainland Europe dry underbrush fed the flames Potsdam University area, and driest month, the... Least 3,000 deaths in this 3 months period 300 people—mostly elderly—died during summer! 2015, extreme heat in the Alps caused avalanches and flash floods in Switzerland nights in have. To an excess of around 400–600 deaths in 2003, 57 bodies were still the... Glaciers in the Paris area, and 15,000 in France are cool, even in summer 38,000. Grapes ; also, the temperatures reached as high as 48 °C 118... The conjunction of seemingly unrelated events have enough space in their own.., although in scarce quantity, are on holiday concerns over global warming and, particular! Heat, as a Europe-wide blast in 2003, a hot, strong sirocco wind contributed to almost 15,000 in. [ 23 ] several reports about strong positive temperature anomalies exist – for instance from Toscana 24! Been recorded twice before facilities just when demand for electricity peaked low but sun... Of mortality with temperature and ozone or PM10 from “ normal ” may! Elderly—Died during the summer 2003 in France 500 years nightly temperatures were higher than the average summer midday highs water. Bodies were not claimed for many weeks because relatives were on holiday the...

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