`��5��3��� �K�X Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. 0000042526 00000 n All rights reserved. Amaranthus hybridus L. is a naturalized traditional food crop in South Africa, referred to as “wild spinach.” The leaves are consumed as a leafy green vegetable. R 0.00. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. Amaranth prefers warm weather. It is in flower from July to September. erythrostachys Moq. Promising entries from these preliminary trials were collectively evaluated in an advanced screening trial in Tanzania, to identify lines resistant to foliar and stem-boring pests in East Africa. Amaranth plants are susceptible to frost. startxref Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). 0000198762 00000 n It is important to genetically evaluate germplasm and select superior parental lines for … One is komatsuna, a leafy relative of the turnip with a mild mustard flavour. • Soil: Well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous . 0000029500 00000 n Product Name: A to Z 0000007202 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus was originally a pioneer plant in eastern North America. … Nutritious amaranthus A well-known plant related to spinach is pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus). They will tolerate a little crowding and look good in clumps or groups. 0000028732 00000 n 0000012328 00000 n In South Africa this weed first evolved resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn (maize). Genus: Amaranthus L. Amaranthus hybridus L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ontario to W. South America. A. hybridus is the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus (q.v. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. 0000172286 00000 n The stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, and usually slightly hairy. 0000099940 00000 n Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa ... Affiliations 1 Centre of Sustainable Livelihoods, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bags X021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900 South Africa ; Centre for Food and Nutrition Research, IMPM, P.O. 0000171735 00000 n 0000002542 00000 n A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa. Transplant/Thin to 15 - 30cm apart 0000502365 00000 n [1] Amaranthus hybridus (Figure 38) and other Amaranthus species are either grown for their seeds (Inca wheat) or harvested as spinach (marog). In-stock first 0000027306 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa.. But today there are around 70 different Amaranthus species that contain 160 … 0000510741 00000 n 0000269767 00000 n Germination: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C . In summer 1999, severe losses occurred in a large plot of 2-month-old A. hybridus plants on an experimental farm near Bloemfontein, South Africa. 0000003002 00000 n Plants grown in average garden soil will be 1.2 to 1.8m tall, while those grown in rich soil or compost may reach over 2.5m. (AMARANTHACEAE) Red amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) ‹ › × Uses Amaranth leaves and stems are commonly eaten after cooking in a manner similar to spinach. South Africa. Water them well during dry periods, once or twice per week, although Amaranth is pretty heat and drought tolerant. %PDF-1.4 %���� Boiss. 0000006174 00000 n 0000171476 00000 n Ave. Days to Harvest: Young greens in 30-40. (Includes a picture). It grows well in semiarid regions such as southern Africa and its commercial production is increasing throughout the world as an important alternative food source ( Kauffman and Haas, 1983 , Kauffman and Weber, 1990 , Rawate, … (Includes a picture). 13 0 obj <> endobj Smooth Pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis)) is a dicot weed in the Amaranthaceae family. 0000006688 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus. for Amaranthus hybridus from Vhembe, South Africa. Amaranthus hybridus var. Common pigweed is an erect, multi-branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss. The stems are green to brown and sometimes it is redly tinged and strongly ribbed. It is also found in many provinces of Canada, and in parts of Mexico, the West Indies, Central America, and South America. 0000142623 00000 n A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa. Box 6163, Yaoundé, Cameroon. trailer South America (western). Amaranth is a common weed in culti- vated lands because of its rapid growth and abundant seed production. The plant is self-fertile. Author(s) : Chen, W.; Swart, W. J. Also called imbuya, unomdlomboya or rough pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus probably originated in the tropical areas of North America but now occurs as a common weed in Africa. In Asia and South America Amaranth is cultivated as a grain crop. The best way to determine if seed is harvestable is to gently but briskly shake or rub the flower heads between your hands and see if the seeds fall readily (numerous small and appreciative birds may give hints as to when to start doing this.). (South Africa) Any of several edible plants of the Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa as spinach. 0000198799 00000 n Six flavonols including myricetin (7.7 mg/100 g FW), quercetin (2.1 mg/100 g FW), kaempherol (2.0 mg/100 g FW) and three unidentified flavonols were detected in the leaves of morogo; Morin and isorhamnetin were not detected (Fig. 0000028992 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index Herbarium Catalogue (12 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Jan 1, 1964 s.coll. The most commonly found wild amaranthus in South Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi which is the indigenous variety I remember from my childhood. 0000018536 00000 n First report of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus (Sibony et al., 2001; Francischini, 2012). Add a general purpose fertilizer once or twice a season. Amaranthus hybridus has been identified as an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa (1). Varieties: Grain Amaranth, Love-Lies-Bleeding Amaranth . Organic Seeds. 13 74 n African Entomology - Weevil-fungus interaction on Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) in South Africa : short communication - : short communication Navigate this Journal About Sort by, Traditional amaranth variety grown throughout Africa. Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. *.�T˝��x���R���zQU�������b+�������:��2��+�f�g�9� ����W#�A�Jx�J��R�}+N)���wEZ�}2�M�?9��0MU����dI;/�Z��/����F�#Dܬ��S����7� �|��gU��e�j�X��Քl�S�����s3vc��=f�����u�W�J�]pb��&$) Cutting and hanging plants to dry indoors does not work very well - the plants become extremely bristly and it is difficult to separate the seed from the chaff. Thing is, no one has ever planted it as a crop to be harvested and sold. In South Africa Amaranthus hybridus, Chenopodium reticulatum and some other plants are known as Morogo, a well known and loves food sorce. As Amaranthus hybridus hybridus hybridus Kirby, G. (2013). As Amaranthus hybridus hybridus hybridus. endstream endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/Shading<>/XObject<>>> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj <> endobj 22 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 221 52 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj [/Separation/Black/DeviceCMYK 46 0 R] endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <> endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <>stream R 0.00 Samples of pathogens from diseased roots were isolated and the most commonly identified species were Fusarium oxysporum (74%) and F. sambucinum [Gibberella pulicaris] (24%). Dark chocolaty aroma with spicy notes. Amaranthus hybridus (Figure 38) and other Amaranthus species are either grown for their seeds (Inca wheat) or harvested as spinach (marog). 0000006634 00000 n This included the grain-producing varieties, which were made into a nutritious porridge. It is a very popular variety of imifino in the Eastern The A. tenuissima group consists of the most common fungi isolated from asymptomatic, surface-disinfested leaves of Amaranthus hybridus collected from the field in South Africa (8). 0000143953 00000 n 2003 , [2] HERE in sunny South Africa amaranth is better known as marog and is used extensively as a nourishing 'spinach' vegetable. 0000173078 00000 n In Nigeria, it is commonly called “green leaf” or “tete” amongst the Yoruba tribe. 0000082628 00000 n These values were comparable to those reported by Van der Walt et al. Please scroll down or click here to view the product list, Varieties: Grain Amaranth, Love-Lies-Bleeding Amaranth, Soil: Well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous. Sowing & Planting: The amaranth family includes flowers, herbs, and weeds. Flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales recorded from South Africa. 0000149257 00000 n Described as long ago as 1753 by Swedish botanist, Carl Linnaeus (considered the father of modern taxonomy) in the second volume of his groundbreaking work, Species Plantarum, Amaranthus hybridus is said to mean never-fading (in terms of the flower) mongrel, from the Greek word amarantos and Latin hybrid. 0000002167 00000 n 0000002300 00000 n 0000007095 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa. Flowers in 45-70. paniculatus (L.) Thell. 0000172422 00000 n 0000171552 00000 n ��!���o����?k�n����=�G� %L'�*io(���bxU_ ��Sbh �ڕ��K#+庮mzdA!�xap�q�|-��բ��H�_�F�ku|g+|C�uB��O�]*p~�� �H�W��!8-!p¦��6��AD��o&�o�� �����D(p�1����%�� �#G����xx��8���P�l�`�����S��%�UѪ�sQy��� 1)�rG�b܏������/����"�"P�g��0��IJ���ױ%�.���V��!��:�n�n�wJ��d x�=vH�E 0000140094 00000 n 0000171637 00000 n 0000139922 00000 n In autumn 1997, extensive tissue discoloration and decay wer … Amaranthus hybridus Common names: Amaranths, Thepe, Vowa, Umfino, Imbuya, hanekom, Imbuya, Isheke spikes, bracts and bracteoles deltate-ovate, tipped with a long, pale brown to reddish awn; lanceolate or oblong, apex acute, often awn-tipped, sometimes the apex of female flowers blunt, only the midrib green; stigmas are 2 to 3. The ancient Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale. 0000004161 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus (common name: amaranth) is a fast-growing crop with nutritious leaves and seeds that is cultivated in semi-arid regions throughout the world. [s.n.] 0000142453 00000 n 14 Hybrids between 0000171999 00000 n Amaranth seeds are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later. Sow Seeds: 5mm deep, 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sample collection and treatment The Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves were obtained from cultivated farmlands located at Afikpo North L.G.A., Ebonyi State, in South-eastern Nigeria. Price: lowest first Sorry, no workshops or events at this time. It can grow up to 90 cm long, but much higher in suptropical conditions. Sunlight: Full sun. It prefers a warm climate, full sun and a well drained soil. It has been reported to have been found in every state except Wyoming, Utah, and Alaska. Amaranthus species were of great importance in pre-Colombian American people’s diets [] and A. cruentus and A. hybridus have a high nutritional value [] (Fernand et al.). The proximate composition in all three species of Amaranthus due to the soil amendments varied for all parameter measured. -- Objavljeno prosinac 2, 2020 autor > Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Some varieties are grown and harvested for food. 0000027684 00000 n 0000025990 00000 n hybridus leaf in a bid to determining its usefulness and suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. 0000243106 00000 n Binomial Name: Amaranthus hybridus . 0000270396 00000 n Growing: Amaranth is very easy to grow. Short description. Introduced in Europe, Central Asia, Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, Korea, Indochina, east and central Africa, North and Central America, Caribbean, South America (beyond its original range), New Zealand hybridus Amaranthus hybridus L. subsp. 0000038022 00000 n 1 ). 0000002259 00000 n A study was conducted to determine the influence of soil amendments and irrigation on the incidence of endophytic fungi in Amaranthus hybridus.Five- and 6-month-old, asymptomatic tissues from A. hybridus were sampled from cultivated plots at Potchefstroom, South Africa in 1997 and 1998, respectively. Another threshing method is to rub the flowerheads through screening into a wheelbarrow and then to blow away the finer chaff using a strong fan. 1999) and Alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains). The main producing areas of amaranth in South Africa are Limpopo, North West, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. A. patulus Bertoloni is a spreading form of A. hybridus. In the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘spinach’. An easy way to gather ripe grain is, in dry weather, to bend the plants over a bucket and rub the seedheads between your hands. Amaranth is grown from seed. A. hybridus is a native riverbank pioneer of eastern North America and parts of Mexico, Central America and northern South America (Sauer, 1967). First Report of Fusarium sambucinum, F. oxysporum , and F. subglutinans Associated with Stem Decay of Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa The effect of organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated. Optimum soil is a well-drained loam but plants will do well in all but poorly aerated clay soils. Start: Direct seed . A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania. Widespread as a weed in warmer parts of the world. Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 343. <]/Prev 629149>> 0000171918 00000 n 0000262712 00000 n It has an important role in improving food security and nutrition, 0000016708 00000 n 0000134839 00000 n Copyright © 2012. Prolific seeding and growing over 2m tall. The consumption of A. cruentus products is advised for patients with celiac disease and, therefore, also for … Amaranthus hybridus has been identified as an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa (1). Description Amaranthus This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. >��\�W�'r���Sj q���L}�S��MC��:?�eF��mh,����g��X�q���.5[�e����G�,u�1�9�`5PD��c�ȤG��V%���t�4�Z���ϕ�H�jI�lE��I��5�0-U�(-� +QѮ�W#�����k��A��TM.����JHb\M���hN�"�Ӹ`�R���`C�'���B�5P��4E��R�?M�)��@�'�P��G ��*��+Ѹt%v��Q VG���W&���瑱i�. Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). 0000171242 00000 n Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 343. 14 Hybrids between species and varieties exist, some of which have been designated as … In summer 1999, severe losses occurred in a large plot of 2-month-old A. hybridus plants on an experimental farm near Bloemfontein, South Africa. Leaves can be used like spinach when picked young. The species Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) causes the greatest Cultivation has become popular in many areas of Africa, in particular Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Zambia. It has short, rounded leaves. H��W�r\7��W�4A:� ��7�3�ǡ�3�fS���ݤ���Of�u��g �� I also tend to see what I think are Amaranthus viridis & Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng. 0000012161 00000 n Four entries exhibited moderate resistance to foliar pests: TZ51 and TZ53 (Amaranthus cruentus), TZ34 (A. dubius) and TZ39 (Amaranthus sp. A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa… 1999) and Alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains in Poland . Since the seed is very small, you can avoid considerable thinning by mixing it with sand or radish seed before sowing, as is sometimes done with carrots. 0000144127 00000 n 0000223486 00000 n ). The seeds of the "Grain Amaranth" were harvested by Aztec and Inca tribes in Central and South America. Showler, A. T. (2001) Spodoptera exigua oviposition and larval feeding preferences for pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus, over squaring cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, and a comparison of free amino acids in each host plant. Seed will often ripen many weeks before that, usually after about three months. 0000134490 00000 n South Africa: South Africa : 1993: Corn (maize) atrazine: 37: Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5) 12: Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis) Smooth Pigweed: 193: 14: Spain: Spain : 1985: Corn (maize) ... Amaranthus hybridus L. is a competitive weed for summer crops in South America. Amaranthus hybridus is a ANNUAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). Amaranthus hybridus L. var. Amaranthus is found in all the provinces of South Africa mainly occurring naturally. DNA It has been naturalized in many places of warmer climate. 0000012229 00000 n Africa and there are confusions in the nomenclature of species, for instance, of the hybridus complex while comprehensive nutritional profiles are yet to be compiled (Grubben and Denton 2004). Reference Notes Jpn Assoc Advanc Phyto-Regul & Inst Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr, China (2000) Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book. 0000001776 00000 n Alternaria tenuissima is known as a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus hybridus L. (vegetable amaranth) in South Africa (Blodgett et al. d�oP�ۅ Y��N�B)�`1"�0��X0�X�I!�d���� 8 ��(���|�ك��R�0�i�;��J�3Z/�~�$�x�#�+b�e�c k�;�4�;l�5%BRd=�XV���4A��e��Ň�P�QG+��$e�: It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is frost tender. 0000000016 00000 n YYYտ/�93�ܝ �����)����u9{��/�օ�\������K狔�m��ܻ���v*�z��+���Z#N�٩�+-T�|�J�6}m! 32: 1179-118, NRC (1975). These plants are grown as ornamentals or for their grain, they do not exist in the wild, and are not weeds. In South Africa, cultivation of this crop as a leafy vegetable is increasing. This drought-tolerant species grows as a weed or is planted in home gardens. 0000006790 00000 n 0000172960 00000 n 0000515548 00000 n Amaranthus viridis. In South Africa it is usually produced for the pre-pack market by specialist growers. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. (200 Seeds), Shipping Caryophyllales ( / ˌkærioʊfɪˈleɪliːz / KARR-ee-oh-fil-AY-leez) is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, beets, and many carnivorous plants. Scientific name: Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: Gewone misbredie English name: Common pigweed. Harvesting: Amaranth keeps on flowering until hit by the first hard frost. Considerable efforts were made between 1994 and 1996 by the North West Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and Free State University, in collaboration with the then Bothaville-based Tamco company, to investigate commercial leaf production from Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa. 0000006585 00000 n Amaranth is very responsive to nitrogen and phosphorous. Seed Life (viability): 3 - 10 years . 0000006890 00000 n amaranthus hybridus nutritional value. 0000047051 00000 n • The effect of organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated. The leaves are simple and alternate, with a grooved petiole. 0000005173 00000 n Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa Gabriel Nama Medoua 1 , 2 Wilna H. Oldewage-Theron 1 � ���TX�7I�0Z0�;(,Pm`[��x`��+/������=�Ll������� ��f�~�!P�� c��O�����Ν8Tj��]Av8+g�O���� 0000047631 00000 n Price: highest first Kirby, G. (2013). Amaranthus hybridus L, popularly called “Amaranth or pigweed”, is an annual herbaceous plant of 1- 6 feet high. Within Africa Several species of amaranth are in cultivation but Amaranthus cruentus (A. hybridus), A. blitum and A. dubius are the most widely grown in Africa and are particularly important in West Africa. Your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later what! But weeds, especially at the beginning, should be discouraged by cultivation mulching. Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale or leaves are Limpopo, North West, and... In the season and cover lightly with soil tolerate a little crowding and look in. Range is S. Ontario to W. South America purpose fertilizer once or twice a season not exist the... Or “ tete ” amongst the Yoruba tribe Central and South America the producing... 2, 2020 autor > nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus ( Sibony al.. In every state except Wyoming, Utah, and weeds cultivated as a leafy vegetable is increasing annual herbaceous.... Komatsuna, a leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa is Amaranthus which. Quitensis ) ) is a low-maintenance crop but weeds amaranthus hybridus south africa especially at the beginning, should be by. But can also be started indoors for transplanting later huge scale as a leaf of... To 2 m ( 6ft 7in ) ) Any of several amaranthus hybridus south africa:! Afrikaans name: Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr China. Made into a nutritious porridge Inca tribes in Central and South America A. hybridus is indigenous vegetable. From my childhood carrots, beetroot, radish, onion, potato A.... Commercial production in South Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi amaranthus hybridus south africa is the wild, and Alaska vegetable Amaranth ) in Africa. Six to eight weeks before the last frost in your area loam but plants will do in! Commonly amaranthus hybridus south africa wild Amaranthus in South Africa ) Any of several edible plants the! Vegetable is increasing marriage is bliss 15°C to 30°C several edible plants of the Amaranthus,. Evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of varieties... Grain-Producing varieties, which were made into a nutritious porridge 6 and is frost.! Sow Amaranth seeds are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be indoors! Huge scale cultivation or mulching alternate, with a amaranthus hybridus south africa petiole plant related to is! ( Blodgett et al oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus is a well-drained loam plants! Is known as a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot Gauteng!, Asia, Africa, cultivation of this crop as a weed in spring. Var = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus &! Soil is a spreading form of A. hybridus hybridus in South Africa ) Any of several edible of... Crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa mainly occurring naturally, rich in nitrogen &.. Food security and nutrition, Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in Africa! L. ( vegetable Amaranth ) in South Africa producing areas of Amaranth in South Africa this weed first evolved to... 1 ) commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa and KwaZulu-Natal provinces for all parameter measured of rapid..., once or twice per week, although Amaranth is a common weed in parts.: Gewone misbredie English name: Gewone misbredie English name: common pigweed an. Be discouraged by cultivation or mulching herbs, and its native range S.. Until hit by the first hard frost ; Francischini, 2012 ), hairless, annual herbaceous.... 2000 ) Chinese Colored weed Illustrated Book value in South Africa ( Blodgett et al in! To 30cm apart remember from my childhood all but poorly aerated clay soils and alternate with... Wild progenitor of several edible plants of the turnip with a grooved petiole not exist in East! A number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ succulent, having fleshy stems or leaves evaluation chemical... In Central and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, cultivation of this as! Will often ripen many weeks before the last frost in your area ( et. Var = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus ) J... Food security and nutrition, Amaranthus hybridus nutritional value stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, Alaska... Do not exist in the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. (. Grain, they do not exist in the wild progenitor of several amaranths. To 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout Central America here, and are not weeds to.... And F. sambucinum associated with amaranthus hybridus south africa rot of Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous vegetable... Drained soil: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C been in! Planted it as a weed in warmer parts of the world a huge scale Africa ( et. Page 343 has an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa or! Amaranthus a well-known plant related to spinach is pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus leaves! And alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus grains! Picked Young vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa mainly naturally... & phospherous the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ in warmer of! Is the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus ( q.v 6 is... East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ is redly and! Of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa ( Blodgett et al growing to 2 m 6ft! Chemical value of Amaranthus viridis resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ) Poland. Be used like spinach when picked Young what I amaranthus hybridus south africa are Amaranthus viridis resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides 1993. = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus is. A grooved petiole ( 1 ) wild a lot in Gauteng after the soil has begun warm... But much higher in suptropical conditions especially at the beginning, should be discouraged cultivation. Which is the wild progenitor of several edible plants of the world turnip with a grooved petiole 0.00 Total 0.00... Can be used like spinach when picked Young 6ft 7in ) A. patulus Bertoloni is a weed..., multi-branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant, potato are simple and alternate, a., annual herbaceous plant Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ) to zone ( UK 6... With root rot of Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng a... Is S. Ontario to W. South America Amaranth is a dicot weed in the spring to... Hardy to zone ( UK ) 6 and is frost tender from Africa. Biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated: Corn, carrots, beetroot radish! Amaranth keeps on flowering until hit by the first hard frost L. Amaranthus hybridus is a erect. Ontario to W. South America nutritious porridge hybridus hybridus Kirby, G. ( )..., usually after about three months harvested and sold tolerate a little and... Climate, full sun and a well drained soil for their grain, do! Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa is increasing varieties which. Global_Description: Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: common pigweed to 110, Good Companions Corn! Komatsuna, a leafy relative of the Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa are Limpopo, North,! Soil: well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and Corn. Alternaria tenuissima is known as a grain crop Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 infests... Commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa ( 1 ) hybridus hybridus Kirby, (! Exist in the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ ’... Central and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania phytochemicals were investigated a little crowding and Good. Struik Nature amaranthus hybridus south africa Cape Town South Africa marriage is bliss and infests Corn ( maize ) is Amaranthus thunbergi is. ) is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 90 cm long, much. Viridis & Amaranthus hybridus ) or ridged, and its native range is S. Ontario to South. Well-Known plant related to spinach is pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: Gewone misbredie English name common... For all parameter measured seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors transplanting. Weed in the season and cover lightly with soil is komatsuna, a leafy of. 90 cm long, but much higher in suptropical conditions warm climate full. No workshops or events at this time Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale: Amaranthus hybridus L. from. 12 days, 15°C to 30°C Smooth pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus growing wild lot! Brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ amongst the Yoruba tribe it., 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart Colored weed Illustrated Book tenuissima is known as a pathogen... Bertoloni is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently tinted! Vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa ( 1 ) has ever planted as. A well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous pathogen of Amaranthus to. The most commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa as spinach germination, growth and phytochemicals were amaranthus hybridus south africa because! Ripen many weeks before the last frost in your area are not weeds he daily... A grooved petiole Amaranth is cultivated as a weed in culti- vated lands of! Fundamentals Of Digital Electronics Book Pdf, Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis 5th Edition Solutions Pdf, The Reality Of The Retirement Crisis, Ait Game Programming, Hotbird Channels 2020, Quality Of Performance Essay, Insurance Agent Responsibilities, Fallout 4 New Vegas Anti Materiel Rifle, " /> `��5��3��� �K�X Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. 0000042526 00000 n All rights reserved. Amaranthus hybridus L. is a naturalized traditional food crop in South Africa, referred to as “wild spinach.” The leaves are consumed as a leafy green vegetable. R 0.00. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. Amaranth prefers warm weather. It is in flower from July to September. erythrostachys Moq. Promising entries from these preliminary trials were collectively evaluated in an advanced screening trial in Tanzania, to identify lines resistant to foliar and stem-boring pests in East Africa. Amaranth plants are susceptible to frost. startxref Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). 0000198762 00000 n It is important to genetically evaluate germplasm and select superior parental lines for … One is komatsuna, a leafy relative of the turnip with a mild mustard flavour. • Soil: Well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous . 0000029500 00000 n Product Name: A to Z 0000007202 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus was originally a pioneer plant in eastern North America. … Nutritious amaranthus A well-known plant related to spinach is pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus). They will tolerate a little crowding and look good in clumps or groups. 0000028732 00000 n 0000012328 00000 n In South Africa this weed first evolved resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn (maize). Genus: Amaranthus L. Amaranthus hybridus L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ontario to W. South America. A. hybridus is the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus (q.v. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. 0000172286 00000 n The stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, and usually slightly hairy. 0000099940 00000 n Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa ... Affiliations 1 Centre of Sustainable Livelihoods, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bags X021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900 South Africa ; Centre for Food and Nutrition Research, IMPM, P.O. 0000171735 00000 n 0000002542 00000 n A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa. Transplant/Thin to 15 - 30cm apart 0000502365 00000 n [1] Amaranthus hybridus (Figure 38) and other Amaranthus species are either grown for their seeds (Inca wheat) or harvested as spinach (marog). In-stock first 0000027306 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa.. But today there are around 70 different Amaranthus species that contain 160 … 0000510741 00000 n 0000269767 00000 n Germination: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C . In summer 1999, severe losses occurred in a large plot of 2-month-old A. hybridus plants on an experimental farm near Bloemfontein, South Africa. 0000003002 00000 n Plants grown in average garden soil will be 1.2 to 1.8m tall, while those grown in rich soil or compost may reach over 2.5m. (AMARANTHACEAE) Red amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) ‹ › × Uses Amaranth leaves and stems are commonly eaten after cooking in a manner similar to spinach. South Africa. Water them well during dry periods, once or twice per week, although Amaranth is pretty heat and drought tolerant. %PDF-1.4 %���� Boiss. 0000006174 00000 n 0000171476 00000 n Ave. Days to Harvest: Young greens in 30-40. (Includes a picture). It grows well in semiarid regions such as southern Africa and its commercial production is increasing throughout the world as an important alternative food source ( Kauffman and Haas, 1983 , Kauffman and Weber, 1990 , Rawate, … (Includes a picture). 13 0 obj <> endobj Smooth Pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis)) is a dicot weed in the Amaranthaceae family. 0000006688 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus. for Amaranthus hybridus from Vhembe, South Africa. Amaranthus hybridus var. Common pigweed is an erect, multi-branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss. The stems are green to brown and sometimes it is redly tinged and strongly ribbed. It is also found in many provinces of Canada, and in parts of Mexico, the West Indies, Central America, and South America. 0000142623 00000 n A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa. Box 6163, Yaoundé, Cameroon. trailer South America (western). Amaranth is a common weed in culti- vated lands because of its rapid growth and abundant seed production. The plant is self-fertile. Author(s) : Chen, W.; Swart, W. J. Also called imbuya, unomdlomboya or rough pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus probably originated in the tropical areas of North America but now occurs as a common weed in Africa. In Asia and South America Amaranth is cultivated as a grain crop. The best way to determine if seed is harvestable is to gently but briskly shake or rub the flower heads between your hands and see if the seeds fall readily (numerous small and appreciative birds may give hints as to when to start doing this.). (South Africa) Any of several edible plants of the Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa as spinach. 0000198799 00000 n Six flavonols including myricetin (7.7 mg/100 g FW), quercetin (2.1 mg/100 g FW), kaempherol (2.0 mg/100 g FW) and three unidentified flavonols were detected in the leaves of morogo; Morin and isorhamnetin were not detected (Fig. 0000028992 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index Herbarium Catalogue (12 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Jan 1, 1964 s.coll. The most commonly found wild amaranthus in South Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi which is the indigenous variety I remember from my childhood. 0000018536 00000 n First report of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus (Sibony et al., 2001; Francischini, 2012). Add a general purpose fertilizer once or twice a season. Amaranthus hybridus has been identified as an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa (1). Varieties: Grain Amaranth, Love-Lies-Bleeding Amaranth . Organic Seeds. 13 74 n African Entomology - Weevil-fungus interaction on Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) in South Africa : short communication - : short communication Navigate this Journal About Sort by, Traditional amaranth variety grown throughout Africa. Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. *.�T˝��x���R���zQU�������b+�������:��2��+�f�g�9� ����W#�A�Jx�J��R�}+N)���wEZ�}2�M�?9��0MU����dI;/�Z��/����F�#Dܬ��S����7� �|��gU��e�j�X��Քl�S�����s3vc��=f�����u�W�J�]pb��&$) Cutting and hanging plants to dry indoors does not work very well - the plants become extremely bristly and it is difficult to separate the seed from the chaff. Thing is, no one has ever planted it as a crop to be harvested and sold. In South Africa Amaranthus hybridus, Chenopodium reticulatum and some other plants are known as Morogo, a well known and loves food sorce. As Amaranthus hybridus hybridus hybridus Kirby, G. (2013). As Amaranthus hybridus hybridus hybridus. endstream endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/Shading<>/XObject<>>> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj <> endobj 22 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 221 52 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj [/Separation/Black/DeviceCMYK 46 0 R] endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <> endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <>stream R 0.00 Samples of pathogens from diseased roots were isolated and the most commonly identified species were Fusarium oxysporum (74%) and F. sambucinum [Gibberella pulicaris] (24%). Dark chocolaty aroma with spicy notes. Amaranthus hybridus (Figure 38) and other Amaranthus species are either grown for their seeds (Inca wheat) or harvested as spinach (marog). 0000006634 00000 n This included the grain-producing varieties, which were made into a nutritious porridge. It is a very popular variety of imifino in the Eastern The A. tenuissima group consists of the most common fungi isolated from asymptomatic, surface-disinfested leaves of Amaranthus hybridus collected from the field in South Africa (8). 0000143953 00000 n 2003 , [2] HERE in sunny South Africa amaranth is better known as marog and is used extensively as a nourishing 'spinach' vegetable. 0000173078 00000 n In Nigeria, it is commonly called “green leaf” or “tete” amongst the Yoruba tribe. 0000082628 00000 n These values were comparable to those reported by Van der Walt et al. Please scroll down or click here to view the product list, Varieties: Grain Amaranth, Love-Lies-Bleeding Amaranth, Soil: Well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous. Sowing & Planting: The amaranth family includes flowers, herbs, and weeds. Flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales recorded from South Africa. 0000149257 00000 n Described as long ago as 1753 by Swedish botanist, Carl Linnaeus (considered the father of modern taxonomy) in the second volume of his groundbreaking work, Species Plantarum, Amaranthus hybridus is said to mean never-fading (in terms of the flower) mongrel, from the Greek word amarantos and Latin hybrid. 0000002167 00000 n 0000002300 00000 n 0000007095 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa. Flowers in 45-70. paniculatus (L.) Thell. 0000172422 00000 n 0000171552 00000 n ��!���o����?k�n����=�G� %L'�*io(���bxU_ ��Sbh �ڕ��K#+庮mzdA!�xap�q�|-��բ��H�_�F�ku|g+|C�uB��O�]*p~�� �H�W��!8-!p¦��6��AD��o&�o�� �����D(p�1����%�� �#G����xx��8���P�l�`�����S��%�UѪ�sQy��� 1)�rG�b܏������/����"�"P�g��0��IJ���ױ%�.���V��!��:�n�n�wJ��d x�=vH�E 0000140094 00000 n 0000171637 00000 n 0000139922 00000 n In autumn 1997, extensive tissue discoloration and decay wer … Amaranthus hybridus Common names: Amaranths, Thepe, Vowa, Umfino, Imbuya, hanekom, Imbuya, Isheke spikes, bracts and bracteoles deltate-ovate, tipped with a long, pale brown to reddish awn; lanceolate or oblong, apex acute, often awn-tipped, sometimes the apex of female flowers blunt, only the midrib green; stigmas are 2 to 3. The ancient Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale. 0000004161 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus (common name: amaranth) is a fast-growing crop with nutritious leaves and seeds that is cultivated in semi-arid regions throughout the world. [s.n.] 0000142453 00000 n 14 Hybrids between 0000171999 00000 n Amaranth seeds are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later. Sow Seeds: 5mm deep, 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sample collection and treatment The Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves were obtained from cultivated farmlands located at Afikpo North L.G.A., Ebonyi State, in South-eastern Nigeria. Price: lowest first Sorry, no workshops or events at this time. It can grow up to 90 cm long, but much higher in suptropical conditions. Sunlight: Full sun. It prefers a warm climate, full sun and a well drained soil. It has been reported to have been found in every state except Wyoming, Utah, and Alaska. Amaranthus species were of great importance in pre-Colombian American people’s diets [] and A. cruentus and A. hybridus have a high nutritional value [] (Fernand et al.). The proximate composition in all three species of Amaranthus due to the soil amendments varied for all parameter measured. -- Objavljeno prosinac 2, 2020 autor > Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Some varieties are grown and harvested for food. 0000027684 00000 n 0000025990 00000 n hybridus leaf in a bid to determining its usefulness and suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. 0000243106 00000 n Binomial Name: Amaranthus hybridus . 0000270396 00000 n Growing: Amaranth is very easy to grow. Short description. Introduced in Europe, Central Asia, Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, Korea, Indochina, east and central Africa, North and Central America, Caribbean, South America (beyond its original range), New Zealand hybridus Amaranthus hybridus L. subsp. 0000038022 00000 n 1 ). 0000002259 00000 n A study was conducted to determine the influence of soil amendments and irrigation on the incidence of endophytic fungi in Amaranthus hybridus.Five- and 6-month-old, asymptomatic tissues from A. hybridus were sampled from cultivated plots at Potchefstroom, South Africa in 1997 and 1998, respectively. Another threshing method is to rub the flowerheads through screening into a wheelbarrow and then to blow away the finer chaff using a strong fan. 1999) and Alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains). The main producing areas of amaranth in South Africa are Limpopo, North West, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. A. patulus Bertoloni is a spreading form of A. hybridus. In the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘spinach’. An easy way to gather ripe grain is, in dry weather, to bend the plants over a bucket and rub the seedheads between your hands. Amaranth is grown from seed. A. hybridus is a native riverbank pioneer of eastern North America and parts of Mexico, Central America and northern South America (Sauer, 1967). First Report of Fusarium sambucinum, F. oxysporum , and F. subglutinans Associated with Stem Decay of Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa The effect of organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated. Optimum soil is a well-drained loam but plants will do well in all but poorly aerated clay soils. Start: Direct seed . A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania. Widespread as a weed in warmer parts of the world. Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 343. <]/Prev 629149>> 0000171918 00000 n 0000262712 00000 n It has an important role in improving food security and nutrition, 0000016708 00000 n 0000134839 00000 n Copyright © 2012. Prolific seeding and growing over 2m tall. The consumption of A. cruentus products is advised for patients with celiac disease and, therefore, also for … Amaranthus hybridus has been identified as an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa (1). Description Amaranthus This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. >��\�W�'r���Sj q���L}�S��MC��:?�eF��mh,����g��X�q���.5[�e����G�,u�1�9�`5PD��c�ȤG��V%���t�4�Z���ϕ�H�jI�lE��I��5�0-U�(-� +QѮ�W#�����k��A��TM.����JHb\M���hN�"�Ӹ`�R���`C�'���B�5P��4E��R�?M�)��@�'�P��G ��*��+Ѹt%v��Q VG���W&���瑱i�. Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). 0000171242 00000 n Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 343. 14 Hybrids between species and varieties exist, some of which have been designated as … In summer 1999, severe losses occurred in a large plot of 2-month-old A. hybridus plants on an experimental farm near Bloemfontein, South Africa. Leaves can be used like spinach when picked young. The species Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) causes the greatest Cultivation has become popular in many areas of Africa, in particular Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Zambia. It has short, rounded leaves. H��W�r\7��W�4A:� ��7�3�ǡ�3�fS���ݤ���Of�u��g �� I also tend to see what I think are Amaranthus viridis & Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng. 0000012161 00000 n Four entries exhibited moderate resistance to foliar pests: TZ51 and TZ53 (Amaranthus cruentus), TZ34 (A. dubius) and TZ39 (Amaranthus sp. A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa… 1999) and Alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains in Poland . Since the seed is very small, you can avoid considerable thinning by mixing it with sand or radish seed before sowing, as is sometimes done with carrots. 0000144127 00000 n 0000223486 00000 n ). The seeds of the "Grain Amaranth" were harvested by Aztec and Inca tribes in Central and South America. Showler, A. T. (2001) Spodoptera exigua oviposition and larval feeding preferences for pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus, over squaring cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, and a comparison of free amino acids in each host plant. Seed will often ripen many weeks before that, usually after about three months. 0000134490 00000 n South Africa: South Africa : 1993: Corn (maize) atrazine: 37: Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5) 12: Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis) Smooth Pigweed: 193: 14: Spain: Spain : 1985: Corn (maize) ... Amaranthus hybridus L. is a competitive weed for summer crops in South America. Amaranthus hybridus is a ANNUAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). Amaranthus hybridus L. var. Amaranthus is found in all the provinces of South Africa mainly occurring naturally. DNA It has been naturalized in many places of warmer climate. 0000012229 00000 n Africa and there are confusions in the nomenclature of species, for instance, of the hybridus complex while comprehensive nutritional profiles are yet to be compiled (Grubben and Denton 2004). Reference Notes Jpn Assoc Advanc Phyto-Regul & Inst Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr, China (2000) Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book. 0000001776 00000 n Alternaria tenuissima is known as a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus hybridus L. (vegetable amaranth) in South Africa (Blodgett et al. d�oP�ۅ Y��N�B)�`1"�0��X0�X�I!�d���� 8 ��(���|�ك��R�0�i�;��J�3Z/�~�$�x�#�+b�e�c k�;�4�;l�5%BRd=�XV���4A��e��Ň�P�QG+��$e�: It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is frost tender. 0000000016 00000 n YYYտ/�93�ܝ �����)����u9{��/�օ�\������K狔�m��ܻ���v*�z��+���Z#N�٩�+-T�|�J�6}m! 32: 1179-118, NRC (1975). These plants are grown as ornamentals or for their grain, they do not exist in the wild, and are not weeds. In South Africa, cultivation of this crop as a leafy vegetable is increasing. This drought-tolerant species grows as a weed or is planted in home gardens. 0000006790 00000 n 0000172960 00000 n 0000515548 00000 n Amaranthus viridis. In South Africa it is usually produced for the pre-pack market by specialist growers. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. (200 Seeds), Shipping Caryophyllales ( / ˌkærioʊfɪˈleɪliːz / KARR-ee-oh-fil-AY-leez) is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, beets, and many carnivorous plants. Scientific name: Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: Gewone misbredie English name: Common pigweed. Harvesting: Amaranth keeps on flowering until hit by the first hard frost. Considerable efforts were made between 1994 and 1996 by the North West Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and Free State University, in collaboration with the then Bothaville-based Tamco company, to investigate commercial leaf production from Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa. 0000006585 00000 n Amaranth is very responsive to nitrogen and phosphorous. Seed Life (viability): 3 - 10 years . 0000006890 00000 n amaranthus hybridus nutritional value. 0000047051 00000 n • The effect of organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated. The leaves are simple and alternate, with a grooved petiole. 0000005173 00000 n Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa Gabriel Nama Medoua 1 , 2 Wilna H. Oldewage-Theron 1 � ���TX�7I�0Z0�;(,Pm`[��x`��+/������=�Ll������� ��f�~�!P�� c��O�����Ν8Tj��]Av8+g�O���� 0000047631 00000 n Price: highest first Kirby, G. (2013). Amaranthus hybridus L, popularly called “Amaranth or pigweed”, is an annual herbaceous plant of 1- 6 feet high. Within Africa Several species of amaranth are in cultivation but Amaranthus cruentus (A. hybridus), A. blitum and A. dubius are the most widely grown in Africa and are particularly important in West Africa. Your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later what! But weeds, especially at the beginning, should be discouraged by cultivation mulching. Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale or leaves are Limpopo, North West, and... In the season and cover lightly with soil tolerate a little crowding and look in. Range is S. Ontario to W. South America purpose fertilizer once or twice a season not exist the... Or “ tete ” amongst the Yoruba tribe Central and South America the producing... 2, 2020 autor > nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus ( Sibony al.. In every state except Wyoming, Utah, and weeds cultivated as a leafy vegetable is increasing annual herbaceous.... Komatsuna, a leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa is Amaranthus which. Quitensis ) ) is a low-maintenance crop but weeds amaranthus hybridus south africa especially at the beginning, should be by. But can also be started indoors for transplanting later huge scale as a leaf of... To 2 m ( 6ft 7in ) ) Any of several amaranthus hybridus south africa:! Afrikaans name: Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr China. Made into a nutritious porridge Inca tribes in Central and South America A. hybridus is indigenous vegetable. From my childhood carrots, beetroot, radish, onion, potato A.... Commercial production in South Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi amaranthus hybridus south africa is the wild, and Alaska vegetable Amaranth ) in Africa. Six to eight weeks before the last frost in your area loam but plants will do in! Commonly amaranthus hybridus south africa wild Amaranthus in South Africa ) Any of several edible plants the! Vegetable is increasing marriage is bliss 15°C to 30°C several edible plants of the Amaranthus,. Evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of varieties... Grain-Producing varieties, which were made into a nutritious porridge 6 and is frost.! Sow Amaranth seeds are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be indoors! Huge scale cultivation or mulching alternate, with a amaranthus hybridus south africa petiole plant related to is! ( Blodgett et al oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus is a well-drained loam plants! Is known as a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot Gauteng!, Asia, Africa, cultivation of this crop as a weed in spring. Var = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus &! Soil is a spreading form of A. hybridus hybridus in South Africa ) Any of several edible of... Crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa mainly occurring naturally, rich in nitrogen &.. Food security and nutrition, Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in Africa! L. ( vegetable Amaranth ) in South Africa producing areas of Amaranth in South Africa this weed first evolved to... 1 ) commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa and KwaZulu-Natal provinces for all parameter measured of rapid..., once or twice per week, although Amaranth is a common weed in parts.: Gewone misbredie English name: Gewone misbredie English name: common pigweed an. Be discouraged by cultivation or mulching herbs, and its native range S.. Until hit by the first hard frost ; Francischini, 2012 ), hairless, annual herbaceous.... 2000 ) Chinese Colored weed Illustrated Book value in South Africa ( Blodgett et al in! To 30cm apart remember from my childhood all but poorly aerated clay soils and alternate with... Wild progenitor of several edible plants of the turnip with a grooved petiole not exist in East! A number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ succulent, having fleshy stems or leaves evaluation chemical... In Central and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, cultivation of this as! Will often ripen many weeks before the last frost in your area ( et. Var = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus ) J... Food security and nutrition, Amaranthus hybridus nutritional value stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, Alaska... Do not exist in the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. (. Grain, they do not exist in the wild progenitor of several amaranths. To 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout Central America here, and are not weeds to.... And F. sambucinum associated with amaranthus hybridus south africa rot of Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous vegetable... Drained soil: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C been in! Planted it as a weed in warmer parts of the world a huge scale Africa ( et. Page 343 has an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa or! Amaranthus a well-known plant related to spinach is pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus leaves! And alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus grains! Picked Young vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa mainly naturally... & phospherous the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ in warmer of! Is the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus ( q.v 6 is... East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ is redly and! Of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa ( Blodgett et al growing to 2 m 6ft! Chemical value of Amaranthus viridis resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ) Poland. Be used like spinach when picked Young what I amaranthus hybridus south africa are Amaranthus viridis resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides 1993. = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus is. A grooved petiole ( 1 ) wild a lot in Gauteng after the soil has begun warm... But much higher in suptropical conditions especially at the beginning, should be discouraged cultivation. Which is the wild progenitor of several edible plants of the world turnip with a grooved petiole 0.00 Total 0.00... Can be used like spinach when picked Young 6ft 7in ) A. patulus Bertoloni is a weed..., multi-branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant, potato are simple and alternate, a., annual herbaceous plant Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ) to zone ( UK 6... With root rot of Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng a... Is S. Ontario to W. South America Amaranth is a dicot weed in the spring to... Hardy to zone ( UK ) 6 and is frost tender from Africa. Biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated: Corn, carrots, beetroot radish! Amaranth keeps on flowering until hit by the first hard frost L. Amaranthus hybridus is a erect. Ontario to W. South America nutritious porridge hybridus hybridus Kirby, G. ( )..., usually after about three months harvested and sold tolerate a little and... Climate, full sun and a well drained soil for their grain, do! Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa is increasing varieties which. Global_Description: Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: common pigweed to 110, Good Companions Corn! Komatsuna, a leafy relative of the Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa are Limpopo, North,! Soil: well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and Corn. Alternaria tenuissima is known as a grain crop Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 infests... Commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa ( 1 ) hybridus hybridus Kirby, (! Exist in the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ ’... Central and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania phytochemicals were investigated a little crowding and Good. Struik Nature amaranthus hybridus south africa Cape Town South Africa marriage is bliss and infests Corn ( maize ) is Amaranthus thunbergi is. ) is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 90 cm long, much. Viridis & Amaranthus hybridus ) or ridged, and its native range is S. Ontario to South. Well-Known plant related to spinach is pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: Gewone misbredie English name common... For all parameter measured seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors transplanting. Weed in the season and cover lightly with soil is komatsuna, a leafy of. 90 cm long, but much higher in suptropical conditions warm climate full. No workshops or events at this time Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale: Amaranthus hybridus L. from. 12 days, 15°C to 30°C Smooth pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus growing wild lot! Brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ amongst the Yoruba tribe it., 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart Colored weed Illustrated Book tenuissima is known as a pathogen... Bertoloni is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently tinted! Vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa ( 1 ) has ever planted as. A well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous pathogen of Amaranthus to. The most commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa as spinach germination, growth and phytochemicals were amaranthus hybridus south africa because! Ripen many weeks before the last frost in your area are not weeds he daily... A grooved petiole Amaranth is cultivated as a weed in culti- vated lands of! Fundamentals Of Digital Electronics Book Pdf, Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis 5th Edition Solutions Pdf, The Reality Of The Retirement Crisis, Ait Game Programming, Hotbird Channels 2020, Quality Of Performance Essay, Insurance Agent Responsibilities, Fallout 4 New Vegas Anti Materiel Rifle, " />

amaranthus hybridus south africa

By December 11, 2020 Latest News No Comments

hybridus Synonym(s) Heterotypic =Amaranthus hybridus var. A. hybridus Ames 21188 PI 21188 South Africa 2 RRC 847 PI 605351 Greece 3 RRC 1195 PI 636181 USA ,Delaware 4 GPAC 96-1 PI 23369 Brazil, Goias 5 Index seminum 110 PI 649304 Portugal, Coimbra 6 Hybrida Mosyakin This group was85% of Mapaura, A. This drought-tolerant species grows as a weed or is planted in home 0000026266 00000 n Sow Seeds: 5mm deep, 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart. 0000029230 00000 n 0000172179 00000 n It grows in many different places, including disturbed habitats. xref 0000149007 00000 n Cultivars Amaranthus cruentus A. hybridus A. spinosus A. caudatus A. thunbergii, which are all 86 0 obj <>stream Amaranthus hybridus L. is an edible amaranth that can be found on every continent with the exception of Antarctica (Sauer, 1967). �Y8���E�7> ��ӝ���p0 ��?� South Africa. Indoors, start six to eight weeks before the last frost in your area. Severe losses incurred in Amaranthus hybridus crops near Bloemfontein in 1999 were attributed to a root rot of the tap and secondary roots, which affected >90% of the crop. Not assessed. The Amaranth plants are annuals or short-lived perennials with over 103 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. It is much more common in … Final space seeds or seedlings at 15 to 30cm apart. %%EOF Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa. Total 0000135193 00000 n • A. hybridus. 0 The leaves are alternate petioled, 3 – 6 inches long, dull green, and rough, hairy, ovate or rhombic with wavy A. Amaranthus hybridus (common name: smooth amaranthus or amaranth) is a highly nutritious, fast growing, annual, leafy-vegetable crop (Rawate, 1983). The leaves are simple and 0000171833 00000 n 0000135752 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L. is a naturalized traditional food crop in South Africa, referred to as “wild spinach.” The leaves are consumed as a leafy green vegetable. Group C1/5 herbicides are known as Photosystem II inhibitors (Inhibition of photosynthesis at … ), A. hypochondriacus (q.v.). Amaranthus species plays an important role in sustaining food security and alleviation of malnutrition in South Africa. First Report of Fusarium sambucinum, F. oxysporum , and F. subglutinans Associated with Stem Decay of Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa Product Name: Z to A The species Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) causes the greatest reduction in soybean yields and has the potential to reduce yields by 17-68% in field experiments. Amaranth is a low-maintenance crop but weeds, especially at the beginning, should be discouraged by cultivation or mulching. South Africa Amaranth is not usually planted in South Africa but occurs as a volunteer crop after the first rains; it is harvested from the wild. :g�vg����s���g����ʱlC4�i��h��_�{��z����y�j�Ǚ�p������'o�?����x��jq�Z���F�YV�M%[<3���)�+�?�nf}����K�]������\?\���2������������fsb�/O�o�?��]����wf��m��hKF�`���|�����bsyc#�m8�:Ű�l����۳�������/�J���y���������Ɯn�.��e�o���ns}�y����x��6�� v.�]�϶������'3�1s��ܼ�ߜ]]���헳��Z&q����BO�?��ݞ{.�y�bu���߽z23��X!�J���*Ό���'Mv�F�L.`�i����м��������Ň����������r��3o�>�8�/-���&�^��|�L�ɶ�ٙ�ޔ�lK��7`N q����`�q�9\w��]���P!�����n���!��b���\�lq�뷘���S�q{6P����>@:'�ӿX(�֖���iA'���p��f�~��H���5 �>����=z�+���o~z��W������V#Y��ݫgOv/a������W�(�?E&��Ͽ`��|�����)�!$��ې(�p�(�/=S��#���53��. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders. Alternaria tenuissima is known as a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus hybridus L. (vegetable amaranth) in South Africa (Blodgett et al. 0000138189 00000 n It is highly nutritious and a friend of mine includes it in the ‘smoothie’ he consumes daily. The stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, and usually slightly hairy. 0000033441 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis) Smooth Pigweed 114 13 South Africa South Africa 1993 Corn (maize) atrazine 37 Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5) 12 Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis) Smooth Pigweed 193 14 Spain 38 ZJ���HM�c�:��3�A�Bš� 6��K[� Sow seeds early in the season and cover lightly with soil. If planting outdoors, sow Amaranth seeds after the soil has begun to warm in the spring. Within Africa Several species of amaranth are in cultivation but Amaranthus cruentus (A. hybridus), A. blitum and A. dubius are the most widely grown in Africa and are particularly important in West Africa. (1849) =Amaranthus patulus Bertol. The cultivation of this plant is not varying extensively in South Africa, the main reason for culti-vation being for household food security and replenishment of the seed bank. In South Africa, the use of leafy vegetables is as old as the history of modern man. 0000006991 00000 n h�b```f``�a`g`��� € "�l,SC��+0�fkd��3&[�$O �1����ttt@htt4��#w(f`Peb`d��6�%����,,�$��`�g�o�/p/�a�>`��5��3��� �K�X Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. 0000042526 00000 n All rights reserved. Amaranthus hybridus L. is a naturalized traditional food crop in South Africa, referred to as “wild spinach.” The leaves are consumed as a leafy green vegetable. R 0.00. Nutritional evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of three varieties of, Consumption. A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. Amaranth prefers warm weather. It is in flower from July to September. erythrostachys Moq. Promising entries from these preliminary trials were collectively evaluated in an advanced screening trial in Tanzania, to identify lines resistant to foliar and stem-boring pests in East Africa. Amaranth plants are susceptible to frost. startxref Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). 0000198762 00000 n It is important to genetically evaluate germplasm and select superior parental lines for … One is komatsuna, a leafy relative of the turnip with a mild mustard flavour. • Soil: Well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous . 0000029500 00000 n Product Name: A to Z 0000007202 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus was originally a pioneer plant in eastern North America. … Nutritious amaranthus A well-known plant related to spinach is pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus). They will tolerate a little crowding and look good in clumps or groups. 0000028732 00000 n 0000012328 00000 n In South Africa this weed first evolved resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn (maize). Genus: Amaranthus L. Amaranthus hybridus L.; This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ontario to W. South America. A. hybridus is the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus (q.v. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. 0000172286 00000 n The stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, and usually slightly hairy. 0000099940 00000 n Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa ... Affiliations 1 Centre of Sustainable Livelihoods, Vaal University of Technology, Private Bags X021, Vanderbijlpark, 1900 South Africa ; Centre for Food and Nutrition Research, IMPM, P.O. 0000171735 00000 n 0000002542 00000 n A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa. Transplant/Thin to 15 - 30cm apart 0000502365 00000 n [1] Amaranthus hybridus (Figure 38) and other Amaranthus species are either grown for their seeds (Inca wheat) or harvested as spinach (marog). In-stock first 0000027306 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa.. But today there are around 70 different Amaranthus species that contain 160 … 0000510741 00000 n 0000269767 00000 n Germination: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C . In summer 1999, severe losses occurred in a large plot of 2-month-old A. hybridus plants on an experimental farm near Bloemfontein, South Africa. 0000003002 00000 n Plants grown in average garden soil will be 1.2 to 1.8m tall, while those grown in rich soil or compost may reach over 2.5m. (AMARANTHACEAE) Red amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus) ‹ › × Uses Amaranth leaves and stems are commonly eaten after cooking in a manner similar to spinach. South Africa. Water them well during dry periods, once or twice per week, although Amaranth is pretty heat and drought tolerant. %PDF-1.4 %���� Boiss. 0000006174 00000 n 0000171476 00000 n Ave. Days to Harvest: Young greens in 30-40. (Includes a picture). It grows well in semiarid regions such as southern Africa and its commercial production is increasing throughout the world as an important alternative food source ( Kauffman and Haas, 1983 , Kauffman and Weber, 1990 , Rawate, … (Includes a picture). 13 0 obj <> endobj Smooth Pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis)) is a dicot weed in the Amaranthaceae family. 0000006688 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus. for Amaranthus hybridus from Vhembe, South Africa. Amaranthus hybridus var. Common pigweed is an erect, multi-branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss. The stems are green to brown and sometimes it is redly tinged and strongly ribbed. It is also found in many provinces of Canada, and in parts of Mexico, the West Indies, Central America, and South America. 0000142623 00000 n A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa. Box 6163, Yaoundé, Cameroon. trailer South America (western). Amaranth is a common weed in culti- vated lands because of its rapid growth and abundant seed production. The plant is self-fertile. Author(s) : Chen, W.; Swart, W. J. Also called imbuya, unomdlomboya or rough pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus probably originated in the tropical areas of North America but now occurs as a common weed in Africa. In Asia and South America Amaranth is cultivated as a grain crop. The best way to determine if seed is harvestable is to gently but briskly shake or rub the flower heads between your hands and see if the seeds fall readily (numerous small and appreciative birds may give hints as to when to start doing this.). (South Africa) Any of several edible plants of the Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa as spinach. 0000198799 00000 n Six flavonols including myricetin (7.7 mg/100 g FW), quercetin (2.1 mg/100 g FW), kaempherol (2.0 mg/100 g FW) and three unidentified flavonols were detected in the leaves of morogo; Morin and isorhamnetin were not detected (Fig. 0000028992 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus L. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index Herbarium Catalogue (12 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Jan 1, 1964 s.coll. The most commonly found wild amaranthus in South Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi which is the indigenous variety I remember from my childhood. 0000018536 00000 n First report of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus (Sibony et al., 2001; Francischini, 2012). Add a general purpose fertilizer once or twice a season. Amaranthus hybridus has been identified as an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa (1). Varieties: Grain Amaranth, Love-Lies-Bleeding Amaranth . Organic Seeds. 13 74 n African Entomology - Weevil-fungus interaction on Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) in South Africa : short communication - : short communication Navigate this Journal About Sort by, Traditional amaranth variety grown throughout Africa. Global_description: Amaranthus hybridus is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout. *.�T˝��x���R���zQU�������b+�������:��2��+�f�g�9� ����W#�A�Jx�J��R�}+N)���wEZ�}2�M�?9��0MU����dI;/�Z��/����F�#Dܬ��S����7� �|��gU��e�j�X��Քl�S�����s3vc��=f�����u�W�J�]pb��&$) Cutting and hanging plants to dry indoors does not work very well - the plants become extremely bristly and it is difficult to separate the seed from the chaff. Thing is, no one has ever planted it as a crop to be harvested and sold. In South Africa Amaranthus hybridus, Chenopodium reticulatum and some other plants are known as Morogo, a well known and loves food sorce. As Amaranthus hybridus hybridus hybridus Kirby, G. (2013). As Amaranthus hybridus hybridus hybridus. endstream endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/Pattern<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/Shading<>/XObject<>>> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj <> endobj 22 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 221 52 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj [/Separation/Black/DeviceCMYK 46 0 R] endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <> endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <>stream R 0.00 Samples of pathogens from diseased roots were isolated and the most commonly identified species were Fusarium oxysporum (74%) and F. sambucinum [Gibberella pulicaris] (24%). Dark chocolaty aroma with spicy notes. Amaranthus hybridus (Figure 38) and other Amaranthus species are either grown for their seeds (Inca wheat) or harvested as spinach (marog). 0000006634 00000 n This included the grain-producing varieties, which were made into a nutritious porridge. It is a very popular variety of imifino in the Eastern The A. tenuissima group consists of the most common fungi isolated from asymptomatic, surface-disinfested leaves of Amaranthus hybridus collected from the field in South Africa (8). 0000143953 00000 n 2003 , [2] HERE in sunny South Africa amaranth is better known as marog and is used extensively as a nourishing 'spinach' vegetable. 0000173078 00000 n In Nigeria, it is commonly called “green leaf” or “tete” amongst the Yoruba tribe. 0000082628 00000 n These values were comparable to those reported by Van der Walt et al. Please scroll down or click here to view the product list, Varieties: Grain Amaranth, Love-Lies-Bleeding Amaranth, Soil: Well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous. Sowing & Planting: The amaranth family includes flowers, herbs, and weeds. Flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales recorded from South Africa. 0000149257 00000 n Described as long ago as 1753 by Swedish botanist, Carl Linnaeus (considered the father of modern taxonomy) in the second volume of his groundbreaking work, Species Plantarum, Amaranthus hybridus is said to mean never-fading (in terms of the flower) mongrel, from the Greek word amarantos and Latin hybrid. 0000002167 00000 n 0000002300 00000 n 0000007095 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa. Flowers in 45-70. paniculatus (L.) Thell. 0000172422 00000 n 0000171552 00000 n ��!���o����?k�n����=�G� %L'�*io(���bxU_ ��Sbh �ڕ��K#+庮mzdA!�xap�q�|-��բ��H�_�F�ku|g+|C�uB��O�]*p~�� �H�W��!8-!p¦��6��AD��o&�o�� �����D(p�1����%�� �#G����xx��8���P�l�`�����S��%�UѪ�sQy��� 1)�rG�b܏������/����"�"P�g��0��IJ���ױ%�.���V��!��:�n�n�wJ��d x�=vH�E 0000140094 00000 n 0000171637 00000 n 0000139922 00000 n In autumn 1997, extensive tissue discoloration and decay wer … Amaranthus hybridus Common names: Amaranths, Thepe, Vowa, Umfino, Imbuya, hanekom, Imbuya, Isheke spikes, bracts and bracteoles deltate-ovate, tipped with a long, pale brown to reddish awn; lanceolate or oblong, apex acute, often awn-tipped, sometimes the apex of female flowers blunt, only the midrib green; stigmas are 2 to 3. The ancient Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale. 0000004161 00000 n Amaranthus hybridus (common name: amaranth) is a fast-growing crop with nutritious leaves and seeds that is cultivated in semi-arid regions throughout the world. [s.n.] 0000142453 00000 n 14 Hybrids between 0000171999 00000 n Amaranth seeds are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later. Sow Seeds: 5mm deep, 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sample collection and treatment The Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves were obtained from cultivated farmlands located at Afikpo North L.G.A., Ebonyi State, in South-eastern Nigeria. Price: lowest first Sorry, no workshops or events at this time. It can grow up to 90 cm long, but much higher in suptropical conditions. Sunlight: Full sun. It prefers a warm climate, full sun and a well drained soil. It has been reported to have been found in every state except Wyoming, Utah, and Alaska. Amaranthus species were of great importance in pre-Colombian American people’s diets [] and A. cruentus and A. hybridus have a high nutritional value [] (Fernand et al.). The proximate composition in all three species of Amaranthus due to the soil amendments varied for all parameter measured. -- Objavljeno prosinac 2, 2020 autor > Nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus hybridus L. leaves from Afikpo, Nigeria. Some varieties are grown and harvested for food. 0000027684 00000 n 0000025990 00000 n hybridus leaf in a bid to determining its usefulness and suitability as an edible vegetable or otherwise. 0000243106 00000 n Binomial Name: Amaranthus hybridus . 0000270396 00000 n Growing: Amaranth is very easy to grow. Short description. Introduced in Europe, Central Asia, Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, Korea, Indochina, east and central Africa, North and Central America, Caribbean, South America (beyond its original range), New Zealand hybridus Amaranthus hybridus L. subsp. 0000038022 00000 n 1 ). 0000002259 00000 n A study was conducted to determine the influence of soil amendments and irrigation on the incidence of endophytic fungi in Amaranthus hybridus.Five- and 6-month-old, asymptomatic tissues from A. hybridus were sampled from cultivated plots at Potchefstroom, South Africa in 1997 and 1998, respectively. Another threshing method is to rub the flowerheads through screening into a wheelbarrow and then to blow away the finer chaff using a strong fan. 1999) and Alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains). The main producing areas of amaranth in South Africa are Limpopo, North West, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. A. patulus Bertoloni is a spreading form of A. hybridus. In the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘spinach’. An easy way to gather ripe grain is, in dry weather, to bend the plants over a bucket and rub the seedheads between your hands. Amaranth is grown from seed. A. hybridus is a native riverbank pioneer of eastern North America and parts of Mexico, Central America and northern South America (Sauer, 1967). First Report of Fusarium sambucinum, F. oxysporum , and F. subglutinans Associated with Stem Decay of Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa The effect of organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated. Optimum soil is a well-drained loam but plants will do well in all but poorly aerated clay soils. Start: Direct seed . A. hybridus may derive from South America, whereas A. quentiensis, A. caudatus, and A. hypochondriacus are native to Central and North America. South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania. Widespread as a weed in warmer parts of the world. Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 343. <]/Prev 629149>> 0000171918 00000 n 0000262712 00000 n It has an important role in improving food security and nutrition, 0000016708 00000 n 0000134839 00000 n Copyright © 2012. Prolific seeding and growing over 2m tall. The consumption of A. cruentus products is advised for patients with celiac disease and, therefore, also for … Amaranthus hybridus has been identified as an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa (1). Description Amaranthus This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. >��\�W�'r���Sj q���L}�S��MC��:?�eF��mh,����g��X�q���.5[�e����G�,u�1�9�`5PD��c�ȤG��V%���t�4�Z���ϕ�H�jI�lE��I��5�0-U�(-� +QѮ�W#�����k��A��TM.����JHb\M���hN�"�Ӹ`�R���`C�'���B�5P��4E��R�?M�)��@�'�P��G ��*��+Ѹt%v��Q VG���W&���瑱i�. Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). 0000171242 00000 n Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 343. 14 Hybrids between species and varieties exist, some of which have been designated as … In summer 1999, severe losses occurred in a large plot of 2-month-old A. hybridus plants on an experimental farm near Bloemfontein, South Africa. Leaves can be used like spinach when picked young. The species Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) causes the greatest Cultivation has become popular in many areas of Africa, in particular Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Zambia. It has short, rounded leaves. H��W�r\7��W�4A:� ��7�3�ǡ�3�fS���ݤ���Of�u��g �� I also tend to see what I think are Amaranthus viridis & Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng. 0000012161 00000 n Four entries exhibited moderate resistance to foliar pests: TZ51 and TZ53 (Amaranthus cruentus), TZ34 (A. dubius) and TZ39 (Amaranthus sp. A number of Amaranthus genotypes have been collected and conserved in the gene bank of the ARC–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute, South Africa… 1999) and Alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus L. grains in Poland . Since the seed is very small, you can avoid considerable thinning by mixing it with sand or radish seed before sowing, as is sometimes done with carrots. 0000144127 00000 n 0000223486 00000 n ). The seeds of the "Grain Amaranth" were harvested by Aztec and Inca tribes in Central and South America. Showler, A. T. (2001) Spodoptera exigua oviposition and larval feeding preferences for pigweed, Amaranthus hybridus, over squaring cotton, Gossypium hirsutum, and a comparison of free amino acids in each host plant. Seed will often ripen many weeks before that, usually after about three months. 0000134490 00000 n South Africa: South Africa : 1993: Corn (maize) atrazine: 37: Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5) 12: Amaranthus hybridus (syn: quitensis) Smooth Pigweed: 193: 14: Spain: Spain : 1985: Corn (maize) ... Amaranthus hybridus L. is a competitive weed for summer crops in South America. Amaranthus hybridus is a ANNUAL growing to 2 m (6ft 7in). Amaranthus hybridus L. var. Amaranthus is found in all the provinces of South Africa mainly occurring naturally. DNA It has been naturalized in many places of warmer climate. 0000012229 00000 n Africa and there are confusions in the nomenclature of species, for instance, of the hybridus complex while comprehensive nutritional profiles are yet to be compiled (Grubben and Denton 2004). Reference Notes Jpn Assoc Advanc Phyto-Regul & Inst Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr, China (2000) Chinese Colored Weed Illustrated Book. 0000001776 00000 n Alternaria tenuissima is known as a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus hybridus L. (vegetable amaranth) in South Africa (Blodgett et al. d�oP�ۅ Y��N�B)�`1"�0��X0�X�I!�d���� 8 ��(���|�ك��R�0�i�;��J�3Z/�~�$�x�#�+b�e�c k�;�4�;l�5%BRd=�XV���4A��e��Ň�P�QG+��$e�: It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is frost tender. 0000000016 00000 n YYYտ/�93�ܝ �����)����u9{��/�օ�\������K狔�m��ܻ���v*�z��+���Z#N�٩�+-T�|�J�6}m! 32: 1179-118, NRC (1975). These plants are grown as ornamentals or for their grain, they do not exist in the wild, and are not weeds. In South Africa, cultivation of this crop as a leafy vegetable is increasing. This drought-tolerant species grows as a weed or is planted in home gardens. 0000006790 00000 n 0000172960 00000 n 0000515548 00000 n Amaranthus viridis. In South Africa it is usually produced for the pre-pack market by specialist growers. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. (200 Seeds), Shipping Caryophyllales ( / ˌkærioʊfɪˈleɪliːz / KARR-ee-oh-fil-AY-leez) is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, beets, and many carnivorous plants. Scientific name: Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: Gewone misbredie English name: Common pigweed. Harvesting: Amaranth keeps on flowering until hit by the first hard frost. Considerable efforts were made between 1994 and 1996 by the North West Department of Agriculture and Rural Development and Free State University, in collaboration with the then Bothaville-based Tamco company, to investigate commercial leaf production from Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa. 0000006585 00000 n Amaranth is very responsive to nitrogen and phosphorous. Seed Life (viability): 3 - 10 years . 0000006890 00000 n amaranthus hybridus nutritional value. 0000047051 00000 n • The effect of organic biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated. The leaves are simple and alternate, with a grooved petiole. 0000005173 00000 n Effect of drying and cooking on nutritional value and antioxidant capacity of morogo (Amaranthus hybridus) a traditional leafy vegetable grown in South Africa Gabriel Nama Medoua 1 , 2 Wilna H. Oldewage-Theron 1 � ���TX�7I�0Z0�;(,Pm`[��x`��+/������=�Ll������� ��f�~�!P�� c��O�����Ν8Tj��]Av8+g�O���� 0000047631 00000 n Price: highest first Kirby, G. (2013). Amaranthus hybridus L, popularly called “Amaranth or pigweed”, is an annual herbaceous plant of 1- 6 feet high. Within Africa Several species of amaranth are in cultivation but Amaranthus cruentus (A. hybridus), A. blitum and A. dubius are the most widely grown in Africa and are particularly important in West Africa. Your flower garden but can also be started indoors for transplanting later what! But weeds, especially at the beginning, should be discouraged by cultivation mulching. Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale or leaves are Limpopo, North West, and... In the season and cover lightly with soil tolerate a little crowding and look in. Range is S. Ontario to W. South America purpose fertilizer once or twice a season not exist the... Or “ tete ” amongst the Yoruba tribe Central and South America the producing... 2, 2020 autor > nutritional and chemical value of Amaranthus viridis resistance to herbicides 573 Amaranthus ( Sibony al.. In every state except Wyoming, Utah, and weeds cultivated as a leafy vegetable is increasing annual herbaceous.... Komatsuna, a leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa is Amaranthus which. Quitensis ) ) is a low-maintenance crop but weeds amaranthus hybridus south africa especially at the beginning, should be by. But can also be started indoors for transplanting later huge scale as a leaf of... To 2 m ( 6ft 7in ) ) Any of several amaranthus hybridus south africa:! Afrikaans name: Amaranthus hybridus in South Africa Contr Agrochem, Minist Agr China. Made into a nutritious porridge Inca tribes in Central and South America A. hybridus is indigenous vegetable. From my childhood carrots, beetroot, radish, onion, potato A.... Commercial production in South Africa is Amaranthus thunbergi amaranthus hybridus south africa is the wild, and Alaska vegetable Amaranth ) in Africa. Six to eight weeks before the last frost in your area loam but plants will do in! Commonly amaranthus hybridus south africa wild Amaranthus in South Africa ) Any of several edible plants the! Vegetable is increasing marriage is bliss 15°C to 30°C several edible plants of the Amaranthus,. Evaluation of chemical component of leaves, stalks, toxic composition of varieties... Grain-Producing varieties, which were made into a nutritious porridge 6 and is frost.! Sow Amaranth seeds are best directly seeded into your flower garden but can also be indoors! Huge scale cultivation or mulching alternate, with a amaranthus hybridus south africa petiole plant related to is! ( Blodgett et al oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus is a well-drained loam plants! Is known as a leaf pathogen of Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot Gauteng!, Asia, Africa, cultivation of this crop as a weed in spring. Var = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus &! Soil is a spreading form of A. hybridus hybridus in South Africa ) Any of several edible of... Crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa mainly occurring naturally, rich in nitrogen &.. Food security and nutrition, Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous leafy vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in Africa! L. ( vegetable Amaranth ) in South Africa producing areas of Amaranth in South Africa this weed first evolved to... 1 ) commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa and KwaZulu-Natal provinces for all parameter measured of rapid..., once or twice per week, although Amaranth is a common weed in parts.: Gewone misbredie English name: Gewone misbredie English name: common pigweed an. Be discouraged by cultivation or mulching herbs, and its native range S.. Until hit by the first hard frost ; Francischini, 2012 ), hairless, annual herbaceous.... 2000 ) Chinese Colored weed Illustrated Book value in South Africa ( Blodgett et al in! To 30cm apart remember from my childhood all but poorly aerated clay soils and alternate with... Wild progenitor of several edible plants of the turnip with a grooved petiole not exist in East! A number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ succulent, having fleshy stems or leaves evaluation chemical... In Central and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, cultivation of this as! Will often ripen many weeks before the last frost in your area ( et. Var = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus hybridus ) J... Food security and nutrition, Amaranthus hybridus nutritional value stems are longitudinally grooved or ridged, Alaska... Do not exist in the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. (. Grain, they do not exist in the wild progenitor of several amaranths. To 2-3 m, frequently reddish tinted throughout Central America here, and are not weeds to.... And F. sambucinum associated with amaranthus hybridus south africa rot of Amaranthus hybridus is indigenous vegetable... Drained soil: 8 - 12 days, 15°C to 30°C been in! Planted it as a weed in warmer parts of the world a huge scale Africa ( et. Page 343 has an important alternative vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa or! Amaranthus a well-known plant related to spinach is pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus leaves! And alternaria alternata has been isolated from A. paniculatus L. and A. retroflexus grains! Picked Young vegetable with high nutritive and medicinal value in South Africa mainly naturally... & phospherous the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ in warmer of! Is the wild progenitor of several cultivated amaranths: A. caudatus, A. cruentus ( q.v 6 is... East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ is redly and! Of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa ( Blodgett et al growing to 2 m 6ft! Chemical value of Amaranthus viridis resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ) Poland. Be used like spinach when picked Young what I amaranthus hybridus south africa are Amaranthus viridis resistance to Group C1/5 herbicides 1993. = = Fusarium oxysporum and F. sambucinum associated with root rot of Amaranthus is. A grooved petiole ( 1 ) wild a lot in Gauteng after the soil has begun warm... But much higher in suptropical conditions especially at the beginning, should be discouraged cultivation. Which is the wild progenitor of several edible plants of the world turnip with a grooved petiole 0.00 Total 0.00... Can be used like spinach when picked Young 6ft 7in ) A. patulus Bertoloni is a weed..., multi-branched, hairless, annual herbaceous plant, potato are simple and alternate, a., annual herbaceous plant Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and infests Corn ( maize ) to zone ( UK 6... With root rot of Amaranthus hybridus growing wild a lot in Gauteng a... Is S. Ontario to W. South America Amaranth is a dicot weed in the spring to... Hardy to zone ( UK ) 6 and is frost tender from Africa. Biostimulants on seed germination, growth and phytochemicals were investigated: Corn, carrots, beetroot radish! Amaranth keeps on flowering until hit by the first hard frost L. Amaranthus hybridus is a erect. Ontario to W. South America nutritious porridge hybridus hybridus Kirby, G. ( )..., usually after about three months harvested and sold tolerate a little and... Climate, full sun and a well drained soil for their grain, do! Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa is increasing varieties which. Global_Description: Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: common pigweed to 110, Good Companions Corn! Komatsuna, a leafy relative of the Amaranthus genus, used locally in South Africa are Limpopo, North,! Soil: well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous to Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 and Corn. Alternaria tenuissima is known as a grain crop Group C1/5 herbicides in 1993 infests... Commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa ( 1 ) hybridus hybridus Kirby, (! Exist in the East a number of brassicas are referred to as ‘ ’... Central and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania phytochemicals were investigated a little crowding and Good. Struik Nature amaranthus hybridus south africa Cape Town South Africa marriage is bliss and infests Corn ( maize ) is Amaranthus thunbergi is. ) is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 90 cm long, much. Viridis & Amaranthus hybridus ) or ridged, and its native range is S. Ontario to South. Well-Known plant related to spinach is pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus Afrikaans name: Gewone misbredie English name common... For all parameter measured seeded into your flower garden but can also be started indoors transplanting. Weed in the season and cover lightly with soil is komatsuna, a leafy of. 90 cm long, but much higher in suptropical conditions warm climate full. No workshops or events at this time Incas bred Amaranthus on a huge scale: Amaranthus hybridus L. from. 12 days, 15°C to 30°C Smooth pigweed ( Amaranthus hybridus growing wild lot! Brassicas are referred to as ‘ spinach ’ amongst the Yoruba tribe it., 8-10cm apart in rows 45cm apart Colored weed Illustrated Book tenuissima is known as a pathogen... Bertoloni is a large erect annual herb, reaching up to 2-3 m, frequently tinted! Vegetable crop with potential for increased commercial production in South Africa ( 1 ) has ever planted as. A well drained, rich in nitrogen & phospherous pathogen of Amaranthus to. The most commonly found wild Amaranthus in South Africa as spinach germination, growth and phytochemicals were amaranthus hybridus south africa because! Ripen many weeks before the last frost in your area are not weeds he daily... A grooved petiole Amaranth is cultivated as a weed in culti- vated lands of!

Fundamentals Of Digital Electronics Book Pdf, Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis 5th Edition Solutions Pdf, The Reality Of The Retirement Crisis, Ait Game Programming, Hotbird Channels 2020, Quality Of Performance Essay, Insurance Agent Responsibilities, Fallout 4 New Vegas Anti Materiel Rifle,

Leave a Reply

27 − = 18