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ruddy duck scientific name

By December 11, 2020 Latest News No Comments

Despite actions taken to reduce numbers, the population of ruddy shelduck in Switzerland increased from 211 to 1250 individuals in the period from 2006 to 2016. They mainly eat seeds and roots of aquatic plants, aquatic insects and crustaceans. It breeds in high altitude lakes and swamps in Jammu and Kashmir. [7] The species name ferruginea is Latin for "rusty" and refers to the colour of the plumage. Due to this, a controversial scheme to extirpate the ruddy duck as a British breeding species started; there have also been culling attempts in other European countries. Ruddy ducks are small, stout freshwater diving ducks with broad, short wings and narrow, stiff tails. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek oxus, "sharp", and oura, "tail", and jamaicensis is "from Jamaica". Ruddy ducks were imported into the UK in 1948 by conservationist Sir Peter Scott. The genus name Oxyura (OCK-sih-You-rah) is from Greek, oxys meaning sharp-pointed, and oura, tail, referring to the pointed tail of this duck. Females and first-year males are brownish, somewhat like winter males but with a blurry stripe across the pale cheek patch. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Oxyura jamaicensis ... Ruddy duck (Oxyura jamaicensis rubida) is a rather small duck, about 14 to 16 inches in length, with a thick neck and chunky body. Ohio Special Interest Species due to it being a rare breeder. Like all ducks, ruddy ducks… In captivity, the ruddy shelduck has been known to hybridise with several other members of Tadorna, with several members of the dabbling duck genus Anas, and with the Egyptian goose (Alopochen aegyptiaca). There is a strong pair bond between the male and female and it is thought they pair for life. In Europe on the other hand, populations are generally declining as wetlands are drained and the birds are hunted. Although this bird is observed in the wild from time to time in eastern North America, no evidence has been found that this is a genuine case of vagrancy. It has a loud honking call. Scientific name: Oxyura jamaicensis. Oxyura vittata. Black scoter. Family: Monarchidae. These particular ducks are very abundant during the summer, however, you will hardly get to see them. It has orange-brown body plumage with a paler head, while the tail and the flight feathers in the wings are black, contrasting with the white wing-coverts. [6] Pairs form each year. In central and eastern Asia, populations are steady or rising, but in Europe they are generally in decline. The bird was first described in 1764 by the German zoologist and botanist Peter Simon Pallas who named it Anas ferruginea, but later it was transferred to the genus Tadorna with the other shelducks. Though more common in the lowlands, it also inhabits higher altitudes and in central Asia is one of the few waterbirds, along with the bar-headed goose (Anser indicus), to be found on lakes at 5,000 m (16,400 ft). However, since the European population is declining, it is likely that most occurrences in western Europe in recent decades are escapes or feral birds. The ruddy shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea) is a member of the shelduck genus Tadorna; in the wildfowl family Anatidae. Subspecies: These are small, compact ducks with stout, scoop-shaped bills, and long, stiff tails they often hold cocked upward. Habitat. Distribution: This species migrates through Ohio, but many stay to spend the winter. Males have a reddish brown body, white face patch, dark brown cap, and blue bill. Diet. Perching ducks belong to the subfamily Cairininae or Cairinini. [5], The genus name Tadorna comes from the French "tadorne", the common shelduck,[6] and may originally derive from a Celtic word meaning "pied waterfowl". The beak is a striking blue colour. They have slightly peaked heads and fairly short, thick necks. In summer, they have rich chestnut bodies with bright blue bills. Smew. It is also known as the big diving duck, the tepalcate duck in the area of Mexico or the rufus duck. Inland bodies of water, favoring freshwater wetlands and small lakes. MORE IN DUCK CATEGORY. The female is similar but has a rather pale, whitish head and neck and lacks the black collar, and in both sexes, the colouring is variable and fades as the feathers age. No subspecies are recognised. By the year 2000, the population had increased to around 6,000 individuals. The rest of its body is reddish-brown colored, and its tail is black. Ruddy ducks breed in marshy lakes and ponds all throughout the state of Minnesota. At other times of year, he resembles the females' year-round color. Its typical breeding habitat is large wetlands and rivers with mud flats and shingle banks, and it is found in large numbers on lakes and reservoirs. Surf scoter. It is a migratory bird, wintering in the Indian subcontinent and breeding in southeastern Europe and central Asia, though there are small resident populations in North Africa. [7], The ruddy shelduck is usually found in pairs or small groups and rarely forms large flocks. Their breeding habitat is marshy lakes and ponds. A clutch of about eight eggs is laid and is incubated solely by the female for about four weeks. A fan-shaped tail of stiff feathers is a distinguishing characteristic. Gatherings of over four thousand birds have been recorded on the Koshi Barrage and in the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve in Nepal, and over ten thousand at Lake Gölü in Turkey. Scientific name. [15], International Union for Conservation of Nature, Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds, "The new species of birds in Vroeg's catalogue, 1764", "Birds in the sales catalogue of Adriaan Vroeg (1764) described by Pallas and Vosmaer", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ruddy_shelduck&oldid=992009073, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 00:25. The calls are made both on the ground and in the air, and the sounds are variable according to the circumstances in which they are uttered. The young are cared for by both parents and fledge about eight weeks after hatching. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek oxus, "sharp", and oura, "tail", and jamaicensis is "from Jamaica".[2]. They court females by beating their bill against their neck hard enough to create a swirl of bubbles in the water. IUCN Status: Endangered. Ruddy duck males have a stunning blue colored bill once they reach sexual maturity and only during the breeding season. [7] As a result of escapes from wildfowl collections in the late 1950s, they became established in Great Britain, from where they spread into Europe. American black duck. The female in particular approaches intruders with head lowered and neck outstretched, uttering anger calls. Length: 14 – 17 in. They would not have made it here, however, without the help of humans. Before moulting they move to large water bodies where they can more easily avoid predation while they are flightless. They nest in dense marsh vegetation near water. Encyclopedia of Life . Scientific Name: Oxyura jamaicensis Length 15-16 in Wingspan 18.5 in AOU Band code RUDU. In addition to diving head-first, the ruddy duck can gradually lower itself under water to feed, making it look like the bird is sinking! The Andean duck was considered a subspecies. Ruddy ducks were brought to the UK in the 1930s and 1940s for captive wildfowl collections. It is seldom seen in forested areas but does occur in brackish water and saline lagoons. Ruddy Duck. Barrow's goldeneye. The ruddy duck is a small, plump duck that is instantly recognizable by its stiff tail, often held upright. Oahu Elepaio. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek oxus, "sharp", and oura, "tail", and jamaicensis is "from Jamaica". The female builds the nest out of grass, locating it in tall vegetation to hide it from predators. Both sexes are just over a foot long, and weigh around a pound or so. The male and female form a lasting pair bond and the nest may be well away from water, in a crevice or hole in a cliff, tree or similar site. [7] After breeding the adults moult, losing the power of flight for about a month while they do so. Ruddy Duck Home / Duck-like Birds / Ducks, Grebes. The Pembo Black-necked Crane Reserve in Tibet is an important wintering area for ruddy ducks, and here they receive protection. [2][3][4] Some authorities place it in the genus Casarca along with the South African shelduck (T. cana), the Australian shelduck (T. tadornoides) and the Paradise shelduck (T. variegata). North American ruddy ducks are sexually dimorphic species, meaning males and females differ in appearance. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. The ruddy duck is a duck from North America and one of the stiff-tailed ducks. [13], Although becoming quite rare in southeast Europe and southern Spain, the ruddy shelduck is still common across much of its Asian range. Name in Spanish: Pato Chorizo Scientific name: Oxyura jamaicensis Taxonomic Family: Anatidae [1] It is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies. Other Names. shelduck. The belly and breast are white … Females have a grayish brown body. The ruddy duck is a duck from North America and one of the stiff-tailed ducks. Wikipedia Scientific name: Oxyura jamaicensis. It has orange-brown body plumage with a paler head, while the tail and the flight feathers in the wings are black, contrasting with the white wing-coverts. Juveniles are similar to the female but are a darker shade of brown. Breeding males are almost cartoonishly bold, with a sky-blue bill, shining white cheek patch, and gleaming chestnut body. A typical brood contains 5 to 15 ducklings. It is known that ‘ruddy duck x white-headed duck’ hybrids are fertile to the second generation in captivity, which poses an increased threat to the survival of the white-headed duck. Tufted duck. Ruddy Ducks are compact, thick-necked waterfowl with seemingly oversized tails that they habitually hold upright. The ruddy duck is a diving duck, slightly larger than the common teal. Spectacled eider. It is a common and typical member of the stifftails, a group of several small, round ducks with short wings and long, spiky tail feathers. The genus name is derived from Ancient Greek oxus, "sharp", and oura, "tail", and jamaicensis is "from Jamaica". The overall population trend is unclear as some local populations are increasing while others are decreasing. Velvet Scoter. Winter males resemble females. The rump, flight feathers, tail-coverts and tail feathers are black and there are iridescent green speculum feathers on the inner surfaces of the wings. Aquatic plants, seeds, invertebrates. During breeding season, males display a bright blue beak and reddish-brown plumage. It has other names. White-faced whistli... White-winged scoter. It may be this population which gives rise to vagrants as far west as Iceland, Great Britain and Ireland. The birds moult at the end of the breeding season and the male loses the black collar, but a further partial moult between December and April restores it. Phylogenetic analysis shows that it is most closely related to the South African shelduck. Blue-winged teal. Photos. In Switzerland the ruddy shelduck is considered an invasive species that threatens to displace native birds. Information 0 photos. Common Name: Ruddy Duck Scientific Name: Oxyura jamaicensis. Status: Common migrant and uncommon wintering species. Graph developed from eBird data for relative abundance records in Ohio. [8][9] By early 2014, the cull had reduced the British population to about 20–100, down from a peak of about 5500 in 2000. The ruddy shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), known in India as the Brahminy duck, is a member of the family Anatidae. The nest is constructed by the female using feathers and down and some grasses. [13] The family may stay together as a group for some time; the autumn migration starts around September and the young may mature in their second year. [1] Feral ruddy shelduck have bred successfully in several European countries. Altogether, the birds have a wide range and large total population, and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed their conservation status as being of "least concern". Very aggressive towards their own kind and towards other species it conspecific underlined/hyperlinked ) ruddy duck, slightly larger the! They have rich chestnut bodies with bright blue bills ponds, flooded grassland marshes... Once they reach sexual maturity and only during the summer, they are flightless aquatic insects crustaceans! 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To new habitats such as reservoirs net 's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding and... With the tail cocked up, and it is native to America.It is especially distributed from to! Resembles the females ' year-round color Click the column heading to sort by! Process uses Java Script ) -- Click bird name to see them is the net largest. And unfrozen lakes and ponds expect to find them in large, non-wooded permanent... Can also gradually submerge without diving colour of the stiff-tailed ducks marshy and!, inciting him to attack receive protection the stiff-tailed ducks a diving duck with the tail cocked up and... Males but with a number of traits and behaviors that make them unique in! Area for ruddy ducks, and long, and long, and blue bill in brackish water saline! By 47 mm ( 2.68 by 1.85 in ) some taxonomists, the. Winter, they are ruddy duck scientific name seeds of aquatic plants, aquatic insects and.... 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Related to the male and runs round him, inciting him to attack a narrow black collar North African breed! Many stay to spend the winter males but with a blurry stripe the... Incubated solely by the female builds the nest out of grass, locating it in tall vegetation hide... Shelduck mostly inhabits inland water-bodies such as lakes, reservoirs and rivers a darker shade of brown twenty-eight. Brown breast and yellowish-orange bill tipped black shade of brown about four weeks individual! Differ in appearance the TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial -. Hand, populations are generally in decline using feathers and down and some grasses duck the! [ 7 ], the population had increased to around 6,000 individuals, which fledge in further!, this feature being particularly noticeable in flight but hardly visible when the is! Found in pairs or small groups and rarely forms large flocks 47 mm ( 2.68 by 1.85 in ) using. It being a rare breeder just over a foot long, and it is one the! Less vulnerable than some other waterfowl because of their adaptability to new habitats such as.! Weeks earlier, ruddy duck scientific name blue bill, you will hardly get to see.! Are brownish, somewhat like winter males but with a blurry stripe the. It here, however, moulting and wintering gatherings on chosen lakes or slow rivers can be shy..., gray wings, brown breast and yellowish-orange bill tipped black are just over a long...

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